16 October 2012

Bahraini human rights activist, NabeeI Rajab, appeared before the Court of Appeal on 16 October. At least one witness was denied entry to Bahrain to testify in court on Nabeel Rajab’s behalf, and evidence presented in previous hearings has apparently disappeared from the case file. On 16 October, Nabeel Rajab appeared before the Court of Appeal in Manama, the capital of Bahrain. At least one international defence witness was denied entry to Bahrain and was apparently told by the authorities that they required a letter from the court. During the hearing Nabeel Rajab’s lawyers requested that the court issue such a letter but their request was rejected, prompting complaints by his defence lawyers that Nabeel Rajab’s defence rights are undermined. Furthermore, the defence lawyers asked the Court of Appeal judge to open an investigation into missing CDs and videos that were used as evidence during the trial, but are apparently no longer available in his case file. The next hearing has been scheduled for 8 November.

Nabeel Rajab remains in al-Jaw prison serving a three-year prison sentence following his conviction on 16 August 2012. He was charged with “illegal gathering” and “disturbing public order” for calling for and taking part in demonstrations in Manama, without prior notification, on 12 January, in February and 31 March 2012. The first appeal hearing into the case of “insulting a national institution” in his tweets is due to be heard on 17 November. On 4 October, he was allowed to attend the funeral of his mother and was returned to prison that day, but was not given permission to attend the mourning ceremonies on the following days.

Please write immediately in Arabic, English or your own language:

- Urging the Bahraini authorities to release Nabeel Rajab immediately and unconditionally, as he is detained solely for peacefully exercising his rights to freedom of expression and assembly and as such is a prisoner of conscience; - Calling on them to quash his convictions and sentences and to drop any remaining charges Nabeel Rajab faces; - Urging them to protect him from torture or other ill-treatment and to order an investigation into reports that Nabeel Rajab has been ill-treated in detention, and bring anyone found responsible to justice.


King Shaikh Hamad bin ‘Issa Al Khalifa Office of His Majesty the King P.O. Box 555 Rifa’a Palace, al-Manama, Bahrain Fax: +973 1766 4587 Salutation: Your Majesty

Minister of Interior Shaikh Rashid bin ‘Abdullah Al Khalifa Ministry of Interior P.O. Box 13, al-Manama, Bahrain Fax: +973 1723 2661 Twitter: @moi_Bahrain Salutation: Your Excellency

And copies to: Minister of Justice and Islamic Affairs Shaikh Khalid bin Ali bin Abdullah Al Khalifa Ministry of Justice and Islamic Affairs P. O. Box 450, al-Manama, Bahrain Fax: +973 1753 1284 Salutation: Your Excellency

Also send copies to diplomatic representatives accredited to your country.

Please check with your section office if sending appeals after the above date. This is the eighth update of UA 128/12. Further information: http://www.amnesty.org/en/library/info/MDE11/052/2012/en


The President of the Bahrain Centre for Human Rights and Director of the Gulf Centre for Human Rights, Nabeel Rajab, organized a protest in Manama calling for the release of political prisoners in February 2012. During the protest, he was assaulted by riot police who punched him several times in the face, head and back. He said: “I fell on the ground but they continued to beat me – they even stamped on me and kicked me.”

On 26 April, Nabeel Rajab received a summons for questioning by the Public Prosecutor’s Office in connection with a complaint made against him by the Ministry of Interior. He did not go because he was about to travel abroad. Upon his return to Bahrain, he was arrested on arrival at Manama airport on 5 May.

Nabeel Rajab was charged with “insulting a national institution” (the Ministry of Interior) in his tweets. He told the prosecutor that all tweets published in his account were his own, but he refused to answer other questions. On 16 May, he appeared before a lower criminal court in Manama and apparently told the court that the charge was vindictive, explaining that the decision to arrest and try him was political: “I only practised my right to free expression. I did not commit a crime. The decision to arrest me and put me on trial was a political decision.” He was released on bail on 27 May.

On 6 June he was arrested again in connection with an investigation into a complaint lodged against him by several people from the northern area of al-Muharraq in relation to another tweet, and was charged with libel on 14 June. He was released on bail from al-Hoora prison on 27 June.

He was arrested again on 9 July, at his home after the Lower Criminal Court had convicted him of libel that day for a tweet about the visit of the Bahrain’s Prime Minister to al-Muharraq, and sentenced him to three months' imprisonment. On 23 August the Appeals Court in Manama acquitted him.

The Bahraini authorities have publicly stated their intention to introduce reforms and learn lessons from events in February and March 2011, when they cracked down on anti-government protesters. In November 2011, the Bahrain Independent Commission of Inquiry (BICI), set up by the king, Shaikh Hamad bin ‘Issa Al Khalifa, submitted a report of its investigation into human rights violations committed in connection with the anti-government protests. The report concluded that the authorities had committed gross human rights violations with impunity, including excessive use of force against protesters, widespread torture and other ill-treatment of protesters, unfair trials and unlawful killings. The report also urged the government to establish immediately an independent body made up of representatives of civil society, the opposition and the government; to oversee the implementation of the BICI’s recommendations; to usher in legislative reforms to ensure laws are in line with international human rights standards; to bring to account those responsible for abuses; to release all prisoners of conscience; and to conduct investigations into allegations of torture.

However, the government’s response has only scratched the surface of these issues. Reforms have been piecemeal, perhaps aiming to appease Bahrain’s international partners, and have failed to provide real accountability and justice for the victims. Despite the authorities’ claims to the contrary, abuses continue to be committed against those who oppose the Al Khalifa family’s rule. The government is refusing to release scores of prisoners who are incarcerated because they called for meaningful political reforms, and is failing to address the Shi’a majority’s deeply seated sense of discrimination and political marginalization, which has exacerbated sectarian divisions in the country.

Nabeel Rajab’s latest conviction and sentence starkly contradict the facade of reform showcased by the Bahraini authorities. Name: Nabeel Rajab Gender m/f: m

Further information on UA: 128/12 Index: MDE 11/059/2012 Issue Date: 16 October 2012