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UK concern over death sentence for Bahrain protestors

30 April 2011 Four Bahrainis protestors sentenced to death for killing of two policemen.

Commenting on the death sentence given to four Bahrainis for the killing of two policemen during the recent protests in Bahrain, a Foreign Office spokesperson said:

"The UK is concerned by the death sentences given to four Bahrainis. We support Bahrain’s right to bring to justice those responsible for the death of two policemen. But it is our longstanding policy to oppose the death penalty in all circumstances. It undermines human dignity, there is no conclusive evidence of its deterrent value, and any miscarriage of justice leading to its imposition is irreversible and irreparable.

We are concerned that emergency laws allow civilians to be tried before military tribunals. We urge the Bahraini authorities to ensure that due process is carefully and transparently followed in all cases and that civil liberties are protected, particularly where severe penalties are proposed. It is essential that the accused have adequate time to prepare a defence, access to legal counsel and are tried before independent impartial tribunals.

All deaths in recent months, including those of protestors, should be fully investigated and the rule of law upheld. We call on the Government of Bahrain to guarantee its citizens universal human rights and freedoms to which they are entitled, and that it has committed to."


France calls on the Bahraini authorities not to apply the death penalty

Death sentences in Bahrain (April 29, 2011)

Four people were sentenced to death April 28 for the murder of two police officers during the events of recent weeks, which have shocked and saddened Bahrain.

France, like its European partners, is resolutely opposed to the death penalty everywhere and under all circumstances.

We call on the Bahraini authorities not to apply the death penalty. With the return of calm, it is also time to seek ways of a sincere dialogue between the parties and reconciliation, the only lasting solution to the political crisis in Bahrain.


Germany calls on Bahrain to rescind death sentences

BERLIN, April 29 (Reuters) - Germany urged Bahrain's ruling monarchy on Friday to rescind death sentences handed down to a group of men accused of killing policemen in recent protests.

A Bahraini military court on Thursday ordered the death penalty for four Shi'ite men over the killing of two policemen. The turmoil began with Shi'ite-led protests in February demanding greater political liberties.

"This draconian punishment impedes the process of rapprochement und reconciliation in Bahrain," German foreign ministry spokesman Andreas Peschke told a news conference.

"The federal government hopes that the death sentences are not carried out on the four demonstrators and the judgements are revised. There must be an end to the violence in Bahrain."

Berlin urged Bahrain's rulers to introduce reforms that would allow more political and economic participation of all parts of its society, Peschke said.

The court's ruling could increase sectarian tensions in the close U.S. ally. It came amid heightened antagonism between Bahrain's Shi'ite Muslim majority and its Sunni ruling family.

The island kingdom crushed anti-government protests last month with military help from fellow Sunni-led Gulf Arab neighbours.

(Reporting by Christiaan Hetzner and Brian Rohan; Editing by Maria Golovnina)


Amnesty International: Bahrain urged to halt execution of protesters

28 April 2011

Authorities in Bahrain must not allow the execution of four protesters sentenced to death by a military court over the killing of two police officers in anti-government demonstrations last month, Amnesty International said today.

“The Bahraini authorities have a responsibility to bring to justice those who commit violent crimes. But when doing so, they must uphold the right to fair trial and they must not use the death penalty under any circumstances,” said Malcolm Smart, Amnesty International’s Director for the Middle East and North Africa.

“In this case, the accused were tried before a special military court, although they are civilians. It also appears that the trial was conducted behind closed doors. As well, those sentenced have no right of appeal except to another special military court, raising great fears about the fairness of the entire process.”

The court sentenced Ali Abdullah Hassan al-Sankis, Qassim Hassan Matar, Saeed Abduljalil Saeed and Adbulaziz Abdulridha Ibrahim Hussain to death on 28 April.

Three other defendants tried with them, Issa Abdullah Kadhim Ali, Sadeq Ali Mahdi and Hussein Jaafar Abdulkarim, were sentenced to life in prison by the same court. All seven accused are reported to have denied the charges.

The death sentences can be appealed in Bahrain’s military court. However, should the appeal fail, the final verdict cannot be appealed in Bahrain’s ordinary courts. The four men could therefore face imminent execution.

The seven men were accused of the premeditated murder of two policemen by running them over with a vehicle on 16 March. On 15 March, Bahrain’s King had declared a state of emergency – termed the State of National Safety (SNS) – after Saudi Arabia sent in a thousand troops to help the government quell anti-government protests.

The seven accused are believed to have been held incommunicado following their arrests and the families are said to have been denied access to them, Amnesty International has learnt.

Government officials reportedly said that a total of four policemen have been killed during protests in March.

King Hamad bin ‘Issa Al Khalifa imposed the state of emergency for three months but it may be renewed with the approval of the National Council or parliament. It provided for the establishment of a special military court to try those accused of offences under the emergency and a special military appeal court.

Since the SNS was imposed, more than 500 people have been arrested with many of them detained incommunicado and at undisclosed locations. At least four have died in detention in suspicious circumstances since the end of March.

Local media reports say 312 detainees were released today. The government’s Information Affairs Authority has told the media that more than 400 other cases have been referred to the military courts.

Many of the detainees were taken from their homes, often at night, by groups of police and security forces who wore masks, failed to produce arrest warrants and sometimes assaulted those they wished to detain and members of their families.

“Bahrain is in the grip of a deepening human rights crisis and the severity of the sentences imposed today, following a military trial behind closed doors, will do nothing to reverse that,”said Malcolm Smart.

“King Hamad bin Issa Al Khalifa must urgently make it clear that he will not allow these death sentences to be carried out.”

In 2010, two Bangladeshi nationals were sentenced to death in Bahrain. Jassim Abdulmanan was executed in June and Russell Mezan was sentenced to death in March. His death sentence was upheld in October. Only foreign nationals have been sentenced to death and executed in Bahrain in recent years.

Executions carried out in Bahrain are normally by firing squad.


BYSHR: A man died in custody confesed on television that he had killed a police men

Today ( 28 April , 2011 ) , Bahrain T.V showed the “confessions” of the accused who killed two police men and who were sentenced today ( 4 death penalties and 3 life sentences). One of the those, the first to be shown making a confession, is Mr. Ali Isa Saqer, who had died in custody on the 9th of April, 2011. (attached a video of the confessions as shown on Bahrain T.V. with his photo). The Ministry of Interior had alleged that Mr. Saqer had died after resisting security officials while in detention but the Bahrain Youth Society for Human Rights(BYSHR) had viewed photos that show clear marks on his back, stomach and other parts of his body that seem to be signs of mistreatment. (Attached) A representative of Human Rights watch had attended the funeral and seen the body and confirmed this information (link of report). Human Rights Watch had asked for an investigation into his death. Until date the BYSHR has not learn that any such investigation has taken place.

The Bahrain Youth Society for Human Rights(BYSHR) is concerned after viewing the “confessions” on television that the other defendants may have been subjected to mistreatment, it finds it disturbing that such confessions were televised after these defendants were denied due process and basic rights such as the right to a fair trial. The defendants had denied all allegations during the trial and this makes the confessions questionable. Furthermore, the BYSHR also strongly condemns the use of the death penalty.

Video: ( see the 6:04 min.) http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=aPP6rhUz55g#at=368

Ref: Statement of the BYSHR on Ali Saqer

Ref: Statement of the HRW on Ali Saqer


The President of the European Parliament Buzek on the sentencing to death of Bahrainis

Thursday, April 28, 2011

Condemnation for the crackdown on protestors in Bahrain (Strasbourg ).

The President of the European Parliament Jerzy Buzek strongly condemns the death sentence passed against four Bahraini protestors.

EP President Buzek said: "I condemn the sentencing to death of the four protestors in Bahrain and I call for their sentences to be reviewed. The fact that the trial took place behind closed doors is deplorable. The EU is opposed to the death penalty in all cases and under all circumstances.

In line with the resolution of 7 April, the European Parliaments calls on the Government of Bahrain and other parties to engage in a meaningful and constructive dialogue without delay or preconditions, in order to bring about reforms."

* * *

European Parliament resolution of 7 April 2011 on the situation in Syria, Bahrain and Yemen http://www.europarl.europa.eu/activities/plenary/ta.do?language=EN


A serious development and forthright turnover on the international conventions and agreements signed on public freedom.

Bahrain’s authorities target the president of Bahrain Center for Human Rights and its members.

17th of April 2011

Bahrain Center for Human Rights expresses its deep concern at the continuing crackdown launched by the authorities in Bahrain on activists and human rights defenders by targeting, prosecuting and raiding homes of the members of Bahrain Center for Human Rights in particular, and the exploitation of media owned by the government to discredit and question their credibility. Security forces, the army and armed civilian militia recently raided the home of a prominent human rights activist, Nabeel Rajab - the President of Bahrain Center for Human Rights as well as Yousif Al-Mahafdhah - a blogger and a senior member in Bahrain Center for Human Rights - in addition to the raid and arrest of Mr. Mohammed Ahmed Sultan, a member in the Media Center at Bahrain Center for Human Rights and who’s fate remains unknown since the arrest.

On the 10th of April, Bahrain Ministry of Interior published a statement [1] that included the determination of the security to transmit Nabeel Rajab to the military prosecutor for publishing a picture of the citizen Ali Issa Saqer on his social networking Twitter page which they alleged was doctored. Nabeel Rajab had published a picture of the citizen Ali Issa Saqer, who died under torture in one of Bahrain’s detention centers, the picture clearly showed marks of severe torture which Saqer had been subjected to.

Nabeel Rajab stated: “I did not doctor the image. This image shows without any doubt the amount of severe torture which Ali Issa Saqer was subjected to. Other pictures were spread showing the signs of torture on the body of the deceased, and there is more than one video showing the same effects. As for the images the Interior presented in its statement, they are unclear pictures and were taken from a very far angle, though it shows the signs of torture. Furthermore, what Bahraini authorities are spreading against me is to discourage me as a human rights activist and to discredit the reports of the Bahrain Center for Human Rights.”

House of Nabeel Rajab after the raid

Political and media campaigns started against members of Bahrain Center for Human Rights since Sunday 20th of March 2011 and after midnight 20 to 25 masked and armed civilians with guns as well as dozens of riot police raided Nabeel Rajab’s house. The security forces broke into the house, searched, and tampering with its contents in addition to confiscating Rajab’s computer and some files relating to human rights. Upon his arrest, forces cuffed Rajab and placed him in the back of a car that belongs to the Ministry of Interior, where he was subjected to verbal harassment and beatings. He was then taken to Criminal Investigation Department in Adliya where he was questioned and asked about a person the officials were searching for, but Rajab declared he did not know that person. After two hours of interrogation Nabeel Rajab was released, without attribution to any charge [2]. It is worth mentioning that Nabeel Rajab, in addition to being the president of the Bahrain Center for Human Rights, is also one of the members of the Advisory Committee of the Middle East and North Africa at Human Rights Watch and the Deputy Secretary-General of the International Federation for Human Rights [3].

Yousif Al-Muhafdhah

It is worth noting that on the same day that Rajab was arrested and after an hour specifically at 2:30am, another group of masked militia together with riot police raided the house of Yousif Al-Muhafdhah, a blogger and a member of the Bahrain Center for Human Rights, in order to arrest him but he was not at home at the time. The family of Al-Muhafdhah told the Bahrain Center for Human Rights that a group of armed militia escorted by security forces, estimated to be 25 men, broke into the house through a window on the second floor of the house. They searched it without presenting any warrants and threatened the family that they will come back every night if Al-Muhafdhah does not hand himself in [4].

Mohammed Sultan

At Friday dawn (2.30am) 18th of March 2011 a group of armed civilians accompanied by security forces raided the house of Mohammed Sultan (30 years old), a member in the media center of the Bahrain Center for Human Rights, when approximately 30 masked militia and security forces entered the house and searched it thoroughly, in addition to searching the vehicles belonging to the family. The security forces also arrested the younger brother of Mohammed Sultan, Younis Sultan despite the fact that he is not active, does not belong to any political association or even human rights organization. Younis was detained for one week and then released [5].

Dr. Mohammad Saeed Al-Sahlawi

This is not the first time Bahrain’s authorities target members of the Bahrain Center for Human Rights. On the 17th of August, authorities arrested a member of the Center, Dr. Mohammad Saeed Al-Sahlawi and accused him of joining a terrorist network aimed at overthrowing the regime in Bahrain. He was released under a royal pardon on the 20th February of this year. Authorities again, raided Al-Sahlawi’s house to arrest him, less than a month after his release but he had already gone into hiding. His whereabouts and fate remain unknown.

The Bahrain Center for Human Rights is under a massive and fierce media campaign by the government due to the role of the Center in documenting and monitoring human rights violations, as well as providing international media with information of what is happening in Bahrain. Bahrain’s official television aired on the 16th of April 2011 an episode targeting the credibility of the Centre and its president [6]. A government newspaper preceded by publishing his picture, then Bahrain News Agency published in what the authority is calling a terrorist plot last September [7], authorities have recently prevented the Center's head, Nabeel Rajab, from leaving the country. Rajab was traveling to French capital Paris to attend a meeting of the International Federation for Human Rights, where he serves as Deputy Secretary-General.

On December 2, 2010 Rajab had a similar incident at the Bahrain International Airport when he got harassed by members of the National Security Service when he was heading to Greece, where they detained him for an hour after searching his laptop thoroughly and his mobile phone in addition to threatening him [8]. Members of the Center have been subjected to harassments from time to time including lawyer Mohammed Al Jishi – who is working on human rights issues and defending prisoners of security issues – as well as human rights activist Yousif Al-Mahafdhah who was arrested several times, and who lost one of his trips due to the delay of arresting and interrogating him in Bahrain International Airport by members of the Security Service of Bahrain.

Six special reporttuers of the United Nations warned the Kingdom of Bahrain for not adhering to its human rights commitments, particularly in regards to the freedom of peaceful assembly and freedom of speech. They issued a statement expressing their fear of Bahrain’s government dismissal of their obligations to human rights conventions since mid-February, warning at the same time of what they described as "broken promises" made by the government itself, by multiplying violations of human rights that deteriorate peace and security in the country, considering at the same time Bahrain's human rights obligations are questionable at the moment [9].

Nabeel Rajab - President of the Bahrain Center for Human Rights – commented on the situation by saying: “The authority is trying to intimidate activists to dissuade them from serving their humanitarian role in defending Bahraini citizens’ rights,” asserting that members of the Center are determined to continue performing their duty in defending human rights and freedom of speech in Bahrain.

Based on the mentioned information, the Bahrain Center for Human Rights calls on the authorities to:

1. Immediately release the detainee and the member of the Bahrain Center for Human Rights, Mohammad Sultan. 2. Release all activists and defenders of human rights. 3. Stop harassing human rights activists and give them the freedom to exercise their human rights activities as guaranteed by international conventions. 4. Abide by the articles of Declaration on Human Rights Defenders adopted on December 9, 1998 by the General Assembly of the United Nations. Article 1 in particular, which states that "Everyone has the right, individually and in association with others, to promote and to strive for the protection and realization of human rights and fundamental freedoms at the national and international levels," and article 12.2, which states that "The State shall take all necessary measures to ensure the protection by the competent authorities of everyone, individually and in association with others, against any violence, threats, retaliation, de facto or de jure adverse discrimination, pressure or any other arbitrary action as a consequence of his or her legitimate exercise of the rights referred to in the present Declaration.” 5. Respect human rights, fundamental freedoms and the right of privacy in all circumstances that conforms to the international standards of human rights and international instruments ratified by Bahrain.


RSF: Journalists arrests in Bahrain

27 April 2011


Haider Mohamed Al-Noaimi, a blogger and journalist who works for various media including the opposition newspaper Al-Wasat, was arrested by about 30 men who came to his home on the evening of 24 April and confiscated his computer and cameras before taking him away. They reportedly hit him during the raid. His Facebook profile, where he posted his articles, has been blocked since 3 April. Another Al-Wasat journalist, Nada Al-Wadi, was detained and questioned for around 10 hours on 20 April.

Ahmed Yousif Al-Dairy, a netizen who has been detained with his two sons since 1 April, has apparently not been getting the treatment he needs for his diabetes. His lawyers have not been able to see him and the authorities continue to say nothing about the case. Like Zakariya Rashid Hassan, who died in detention on 9 April after being tortured, he was one of the moderators of the forum Aldair (http://www.aldair.net/forum). His family fears he may have suffered the same fate.


190 Khaliji academics, intellectuals and political activists condemn the violations of human rights in the countries of the GCC

Civil organizations and Khaliji intellectuals demand for the release of the prisoners of opinion and political change in the region.


18 April 2011

At a time where the people of the developed world enjoy their rights fully as guaranteed by the “Universal Declaration of Human Rights”, the “International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights”, the “International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights”, and by what is included in the constitutions of their individual countries via laws that protect those natural rights of Man, and on top of such rights lie the right to free opinion and expression and the right to conduct sit-ins and peaceful protests to convey its desire. We, with regret, observe that the GCC countries, having signed on some of the fore mentioned international pacts and treaties on human rights, still violate those same values mentioned in Universal Declaration of Human Rights, and what has been pledged upon, by them, in front of the Human Rights Council, and what has been signed in pacts and covenants, in addition to violation of their own constitutions and related laws of governance.

The constituents needed to sustain security, stability and civil peace necessary to achieve progression and prosperity for any nation, emerges based on rational governance backed by justice, equality and reinforcement of the law, and on granting people their civil, political and economic rights, and the right to politically participate in decision making, because reliance on methods of repression, suppression and breaking the will of the people, will lead to neither security or stability, nor will it achieve development which will be far from reach for all parties.

We express our immense concern and fear for the present and future of our nations, in front of the different forms of silencing the peaceful demands of the people, demanding freedom, equality and democracy, carried out by some GCC governments, portraying in the forms of murder and arrest, abduction, torture, and unjustified lay-offs of unarmed civilians, as well as in the imprisonment of free thinkers and political figures.

At the same time as we condemn such unacceptable violations, we demand from the leaders of the Gulf Cooperation Council what follows:

1. The need to adopt the path of comprehensive political reform, and to pursue legal means to put together contractual constitutions that would govern the relation between the people and their rulers, guaranteeing the right to citizenship and freedom to expression including peaceful protests and demonstrations, the right to form civil society organizations and political parties, and the utilization of free and honest elections to choose parliaments that posses full legislative capacities to inscribe laws, and to procure with the task of scrutinizing and holding accountability on the performance of the executive branch of government.

2. Condemnation of all forms of violence regardless of origin, and the call to exercise the principle of democratic dialogue to solve all unresolved affairs, and the commitment of the governments to enforce all the international pacts on human rights, and what is mentioned in their constitutions and associated laws of governance.

3. The release of all who were detained in relation to peaceful political action, whether citizens, people of opinion, jurists, and political leadership, in the United Arab Emirates, The Sultanate of Oman, and the Kingdom of Bahrain. (Accompanied are lists in the names of those who are detained or missing)

4. There is a big number of detainees and prisoners in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia on different counts and accusations, and we demand the release of all the prisoners of free opinion and in relation to the latest peaceful protests, and the release of the (detainees of Jeddah, detainees of Khobar, members of the Islamic Commonwealth Party, and others), or allow them to face fair public trial. (Accompanied is a list of their names). As for the 5000 detainees on which light was shed lately, we demand the release of those who are not proven guilty, and the referral of the rest to fair and public trials.

Finally, we call on the leaders and nations of the GCC to be aware of the dangers of the “sectarian strife” that has been set ablaze in these countries in relation to the latest political movement, because allowing it to acquire momentum in such a foolish manner, or using it as tool in a power struggle in this period of time will annihilate all the gains accumulated by the GCC nations, as well as their present and future.

Released on the 18th of April, 2011

Signed by:

Civil and Legal organizations The Kuwaiti Organization for Human rights Bahrain Center for Human Rights League of Khaliji Dialogue League of Khaliji Citizenship Kuwaiti Labor Umbrella (Ma’ak) The network of Legal activists in KSA Civil committee on human rights – KSA Human Rights watch – KSA “Musawat” for the education on human rights and civics education “Human Rights First” Organization – KSA

Names of the intellectuals, jurists, political activists and human rights activists:

1. Dr. Ahmad Al Khatib – Recognized national figure 2. Mohammad Saeed Tayeb – Legal Council 3. Dr. Ghanem Al Najjar – Academic and Jurist 4. Dr. Abed Alaziz Hussein Al Souweyigh – Writer and Academic researcher 5. Ahmad Al Deen – Writer and Political analyst 6. Dr. Ahmad Abel Al Malak – Academic and Writer 7. Abed Alnabi Al Akri – President of the Bahraini Transparency organization 8. Najib Al Khunayzri – Writer and Researcher 9. Abdallah Habib – Writer and critic 10. Muhammad Al Ali – Author and Thinker 11. Abdallah Al Darazi – Member of the general secretariat for the Arab organization for Human rights 12. Abdallah Faraj Al Sharif – Researcher and writer 13. Nabeel Rajab – President of the Bahraini Center for Human Rights 14. Akel Al-Bahili – Jurist and Reformist 15. Dr. Abd Al-Hadi Khalaf – Academic and Writer 16. Professor Saud Sujayni – Researcher 17. Abdallah Al Tuya – Writer and Legal Activist 18. Dr. Tufic Al Sayf – Researcher and Writer 19. Abdallah Al Riyami – Poet and Journalist 20. Anwar Al Rashid – Political and Legal Activist 21. Dr. Abd Al Muhsin Hilal – Academic and writer 22. Salem Al Tuya – Writer and Human rights activist 23. Abd Al Wahab Saleh Al Arid – Journalist and legal activist 24. Zayed Al Zayd – Editor in Chief of the Electronic newspaper “Al-An” 25. Muhammad Yousef Al Samikh – Member of the Bahraini Organization for Human rights 26. Maha Al Burjus – Vice President of the Kuwaiti Organization for Human Rights 27. Amer Al Tamimi – Secretary of the Kuwaiti Organization for Human rights 28. Radi Al Mousawi – Writer and Member of the general secretariat of the “Wa’ad” Bahraini Organization. 29. Zaki Mansour Abou Al Saoud – Member of the Civil Committee on Human Rights 30. Dr. Falah Mudayris – Researcher and Academic – Kuwait. 31. Dr. Ibtihal Abed Al Aziz Al Khatib –Writer and Academic – Kuwait 32. Dr. Fa’eka Muhammad Badr – Academic – KSA 33. Fawziya Al Ouyouni – Legal activist 34. Wajiha Al Huwaydir – Writer and Jurist 35. Lamiss Said Dayf – Journalist and writer 36. Badi’a Kashghari – Poet 37. Aliya Al Farid – Legal Activist 38. Al Shayma’ Muhammad Saeed Tayeb – Jurist 39. Ali Aldumayni – Author and Jurist 40. Ahmad Muhammad Al Mulla – Poet 41. Ali Aldiri – Critic 42. Adnan Al Sayigh – Arab Poet 43. Amjad Naser – Arab Poet 44. Zakariyya Muhammad – Arab Poet 45. Dr. Mahmoud Abdullah Kazem – Social Activist 46. Dr. Ahmad Ghuloum Ashkanani – Social Activist 47. Dr. Ali Abullah Jamal – Social Activist 48. Dr. Yousif Abed Alrasoul Bou Abbas – Social Activist 49. Dr. Imad Hussein Al Ali – Social Activist 50. Dr. Ali Yuhya Bou Majdad – Social Activist 51. Dr. Mustafa Sayyid Ahmad Al Musawi – Social Activist 52. Dr. Ahmad Abullah Al Abad – Social Activist 53. Dr. Abed Al Hakim Abed Al Rahmad Al Shaghir – Social Activist 54. Dr. Hussein Ali Al Masri – Social Activist 55. Dr. Khalil Abel Allah Ibl – Social Activist 56. Dr. Muhammad Hussein Al Fili – Social Activist 57. Dr. Yousif Kassim Habib – Social Activist 58. Dr. Yousif Sayyid Jawad – Social Activist 59. Dr. Mahmoud Abdallal Al Kazimi – Social Activist 60. Dr. Sami Naser Khalifa – Social Activist 61. Dr. Muhammad Abed Al Ghafar Al Saffar – Social Activist 62. Dr. Ahmad Hussein Ghaloum – Social Activist 63. Dr. Yousif Yakoub Bou Abbas – Social Activist 64. Dr. Ammar Muhammad Jaafar – Social Activist 65. Dr. Mansour Ghuloum Ali – Social Activist 66. Walid Sulays – Social Activist 67. Ammar Al Ma’mari – Social Activist 68. Basima Al Rajihi – Journalist and Legal activist 69. Yuhya Al Naibi – Poet and Newspaper Journalist 70. Hamad Abdullah Mubarak Al Kharusi – Poet and writer 71. Yaakoub Bin Kumays Bin Mubarak Al Kharusi – Lawyer and Legal Activist 72. Muhammad Al Harithi – Poet and Activist 73. Ibrahimt Saiid – Poet and Activist 74. Zeina Al Tuya – Social Activist 75. Hamoud Al Shukayli – Writer and Narrator 76. Saleh Bin Abdullah Al Ballushi – Writer 77. Abed Yaghouth – Poet 78. Naser Al Mangey – Writer and Narrator 79. Tayba Al Ma’ouli – Political and Legal Activist 80. Abed Al Aziz Abed Al Wahab Al Arid – Social Activist 81. Hani Al Rayes – Writer and Legal Activist 82. Hussein Yousif Marhoun – Journalist 83. Adel Yaakoub Marzouk – Journalist 84. Ali Saleh Al Jalawi – Poet 85. Ibrahim Al Mukaytib – Legal Activist 86. Saleh Ibrahim Al Sawyan – Reformist 87. Ali Al Ounayzan – Legal accountant 88. Hamed Bin Akil – Author and Writer 89. Jaafar Al Shayeb – Legal activist 90. Sadek Ramadan – Legal activist 91. Walid Sami Abu Al Kheir – Member of the Saudi Human Rights Watch 92. Muhammad Zayed Al Alma’I – Poet and Jurist 93. Masfar Al Ghamidi – Poet and Writer 94. Muhammad Ibrahim Abed Al Muta’ali – Researcher and Writer 95. Abdullah Al Harakan – Legal Accountant 96. Taher Al Baghli – Legal Activist 97. Fadel Makki Al Manasif – Legal Activist 98. Ina’am Abed Al Jalil Al Sihati – Legal Activist 99. Zaker Aal Hubail – Legal activist and trainer. 100. Gharam Allah Al Saki’I – Poet and Writer 101. Bader Al Ibrahim – Writer 102. Jasem Abdullah Aashur – Legal Activist 103. Ali Aal Ghrash – Writer and Journalist 104. Muhammad Salman Al Sawad – Journalist 105. Adel Al Qalaf – Legal Activist 106. Hamad Al Bahili – Writer 107. Abdul Rahman Mukali – Poet 108. Abdul Rahman Al Luhubi – Poet 109. Hamad Al Naser Al Hamdan – Writer 110. Abdullah Hasan Al Abed Al Baki – Writer 111. Ahmad Abdullah Al Sarraf – Social Activist 112. Fakher Al Saleh Al Sultan – Social Activist 113. Taleb Hussein Al Mawli – Social Activist 114. Naser Sifr – Social Activist 115. Najat Kasem – Social Activist 116. Mohammad Abdullah – Legal Activist 117. Abed Al Muhsin Taqi Muthfir – Kuwaiti Organization for Human Rights board member 118. Adnan Al Shuwayhan – Writer, Blogger, and Human Rights enthusiast 119. Murad Al Gharti – Manager of the organization “Tamkeen”, Legal activist and trainer 120. Firas Al Riyami – Omani Blogger and Play writer 121. Hasan Ali Aal Jumay’an – Legal activist 122. Ibrahim Kamal Al Din – “Wa’ad” Central Committee member 123. Abdullah Al Faran – Reformist 124. Hashem Murtada Al Hasan – Reformist 125. Jawad Abou Hulayka – Legal Activist 126. Abdullah Muhammad Al Furayhi – Reformist 127. Hussein Duweis – Writer 128. Muhammad Hasan Abed Al Baki – Reformist 129. Ahmad Hussein Al Kattan – Social Activist 130. Fouad Jamil Al Jashi – Social Activist 131. Moussa Humaid Aal Hashim – Social Activist 132. Ahmad Jasim Al Da’oud – Social Activist 133. Raef Badawi – Founder of the Saudi Liberal Network 134. Issa Al Gha’eb – Legal Activist 135. Muhammad Hamad Al Muhaysin – Legal Activist 136. Abel Al Aziz Bin Ibrahim Al Suwaylim – Interested in Public Affairs 137. Ahmad Al Mushaykhis – Social Activist 138. Nuhad Al Khunayziri – Social Activist 139. Ali Aal Taleb – Journalist and Writer 140. Khalifa Hamad Said Al Alawi – Legal Activist 141. Khalifa Salem Ali Al Badi – Legal Activist 142. Rashed Salem Ali Al Badi – Social Activist 143. Ali Hilal Ali Al Muqabili – Social Activist

144. Ismail Muhammad Said Al Balloushi – Social Activist 145. Muhammad Murad Muhammad Al Balloushi – Social Activist 146. Khamis Bin Kalam Al Hana’I – Legal Activist 147. Hamoud Bin Humaid Al Ouwaydi – Social Activist 148. Ali Eid Abdullah Al Mamari – Social Activist 149. Muhammad Rashed Sultan Al Shamousi – Social Activist 150. Abdul Rahman Sultan Al Shamisi – Social Activist 151. Saeed Musbih Sayf Al Maqabili – Social Activist 152. Abdullah Musbih Sayf Al Maqabili – Social Activist 153. Khalid Ahmad Sma’il Al Maqabili – Social Activist 154. Suhail Rashid Ali Al Fat’hi – Social Activist 155. Rashid Jum’a Ali Al Fat’hi – Social Activist 156. Khalid Rashid Jum’a Al Maqabili – Social Activist 157. Saeed Rashid Jum’a Al Maqabili – Social Activist 158. Khamis Abdullah Saeed Nawfali – Social Activist 159. Saeed Abdullah Saeed Nawfali – Social Activist 160. Sayf Khalafan Abdullah Al Maqabili – Social Activist 161. Humaid Khalafan Abdullah Al Maqabili – Social Activist 162. Suwaydin Ali Suwaydin Al Maqabili – Social Activist 163. Saeed Ali Suwaydin Al Maqabili – Social Activist 164. Muhammad Obeid Naser Al Maqabili – Social Activist 165. Jum’a Obeid Naser Al Maqabili – Social Activist 166. Naser Obeid Naser Al Maqabili – Social Activist 167. Ahmad Naser Obeid Al Hana’i – Social Activist 168. Rashid Ali Naser Al Maqabili – Social Activist 169. Sultan Saeed Khasib Al Maqabili – Social Activist 170. Ahmad Saif Salem Al Maqabili – Social Activist 171. Khamis Salem Siba Al Maqabili – Social Activist 172. Saeed Salem Siba Al Maqabili – Social Activist 173. Khalafan Rashed Naser Al Maqabili – Social Activist 174. Musbih Ali Saeed Al Maqabili – Social Activist 175. Jasem Muhammad Suleiman Al Shahi – Social Activist 176. Faisal Ali Musbih Al Maqabili – Social Activist 177. Ahmad Saif Muhammad Al Maqabili – Social Activist 178. Saif Musbih Saif Al Maqabili – Social Activist 179. Khalifa Khalafan Humeid Al Maqabili – Social Activist 180. Saeed Ali Hamad Al Maqabili – Social Activist 181. Ahmad Ali Musbih Al Maqabili – Social Activist 182. Abdullah Salem Ahmad Al Maqabili – Social Activist 183. Ali Musbih Saif Al Maqabili – Social Activist 184. Khalid Ahmad Hasan Al Thahiri – Social Activist 185. Matar Khalafan Humeid Al Maqabili – Social Activist 186. Rashed Saeed Rashed Al Maqabili – Social Activist 187. Ali Rashed Salem Al Maqabili – Social Activist 188. Muhammad Rashed Salem Al Maqabili – Social Activist 189. Naser Ali Musbih Al Maqabili – Social Activist 190. Omar Muhammad Ali Al Maqabili

Amnesty International: Bahrain: Health professionals held incommunicado- APPEAL FOR ACTION

Index: MDE 11/022/2011 (Bahrain) Date: 26 April 2011 To: Health professionals From: Amnesty international APPEAL FOR ACTION

re: health professionals held incommunicado

Over 30 health professionals, including doctors and nurses, have been arrested in Bahrain since mid-March 2011. They are currently held under military custody and have not been allowed visits by family or lawyers.

Twenty-two physicians and many others, including nurses and staff from the Ministry of Health, have been arrested since mid-March. They are believed to be held under military custody. None of the doctors or nurses has been allowed visits by family or lawyers since their detention. Some of the doctors have been able to phone their families in the past few days. The list of doctors arrested since mid-March includes: Dr Ali al- Ekri, Dr. Mahmood Ashgar, Dr Nada Dhaif, Dr Ghassan Dhaif, Dr Basim Dhaif, Dr Nader Dewani, Dr Abdulhalek al Oraibi, Dr Jalila al Aali, Dr Nehad al Sherawi, Dr Kholoud al Sayaad, Dr Zahra al Sammak, Dr. Nabeel Hameed, Dr Arif Rajab, Dr Abdul Shaheed Fadhel, Dr Sadeq Jaffer, Dr Kulood al Durazi, Dr Nayera Sarhan, Dr Saeed Al Samahji, Dr Sadeq Abdullah and Dr Fatima Haji.

The latest person to be detained was Huda al Tajir, working at the Ministry of Health. She was detained on 18 April, apparently while the security forces were raiding the Ministry of Health. She managed to contact her family on the same night to inform them that she was being held at the police Criminal Investigation Department (CID). Her family and lawyers have not been allowed visits since she was detained.


-Explaining that you are a health professional concerned about human rights;

-Urging the authorities to ensure immediate protection for all health workers attending victims of violence and full protection of the right to all appropriate medical care of those suffering injuries;

-Ensure that detainees are either charged with recognizable criminal offences and tried with full international standards of fair trial and without recourse to the death penalty or released;

-Ensure that all detainees are granted access to lawyers of their own choosing, their relatives and any medical treatment that they may require, and that their places of detention are immediately disclosed;

-Urging that doctors, nurses, paramedics and other health and medical workers are able to carry out without discrimination their professional responsibilities to provide emergency and other medical care to those who have sustained injuries, and to document and report on their injuries, without interference or fear of reprisal.


Minister of Social Development, Health and Human Rights Dr. Fatima bint Mohammed Al Balooshi Ministry of Social Development PO Box 32868, Isa Town, Bahrain Fax: +973 17101955 Salutation: Your Excellency

King Shaikh Hamad bin ‘Issa Al Khalifa Office of His Majesty the King P.O. Box 555 Rifa’a Palace, al-Manama, Bahrain Fax: + 973 17664587 Salutation: Your Majesty

Commander-in-Chief of the Bahrain Defence Force Marshal Shaikh Khalifa bin Ahmed Al Khalifa Bahrain Defence Force Riffa Road Bahrain e-mail: dgcbdf@gmail.com Fax: +973 17663923 Salutation: Your Excellency

If you receive no reply within six weeks of sending your letter, please send a follow-up letter seeking a response. Please send copies of any letters you receive to the International Secretariat, attention of THE Health Team, 1 Easton Street, London WC1X 0DW or e-mail: health@amnesty.org

Additional Information

Protests continued in Bahrain in March and they were suppressed with the dismantling of the Pearl Roundabout and the attack on Salmaniya Medical Complex on 17 March. In the days before 17 March, several attacks on protesters were reported to have taken place in villages outside the capital Manama. Witnesses told Amnesty International that soldiers and other security forces had fired tear gas at people close to the entrance to the Sitra Medical Centre and at the Salmaniya Medical Complex, where some protesters, including injured people receiving medical treatment, were also said to have been arrested and taken away. Security forces were also alleged to have encircled Salmaniya hospital and prevented injured protesters from gaining access to medical care there. Other sources, however, allege that some medical staff refused to treat Asian workers who had been injured while the government maintains that its forces took control of the Salamaniya Medical Complex because it was being used as a base by protesters, many of whom had set up camp in the hospital’s car park but who were able to enter and leave the medical wards at will.

It is clear, despite the conflicting reports, that neither the security forces nor some opposition protesters respected widely known principles protecting emergency medical care services and vehicles and that both sides at times flouted the medical neutrality of the Salmaniya Medical Complex..

After taking control of the Pearl Roundabout, the Financial Harbour and Salmaniya Medical Complex the security forces launched a clearly planned and orchestrated crackdown on Shi’a political and community leaders and activists who had been prominent in leading the protests and who had spoken out publicly criticizing members of the royal family and calling for a change of government during public protests. More than 500 people have been detained; most are held without charge or trial at locations that have not been disclosed, and are denied contact with and access to their families and lawyers.