26 May, 2008

GDN:MPs' proposal xenophobic SAY vice-president Nabeel Rajab

MPs' proposal xenophobic say rights groups Published: 26th May 2008 HUMAN rights and social activists have slammed a call by a group of MPs to ban Bangladeshis from living in Bahrain due to their alleged criminal nature. The activists said that if Bahrain implemented the move, it would be in breach of United Nations laws on human rights. They described the proposal as xenophobic and contrary to human rights laws, particularly after Bahrain won a seat on the UN Human Rights Council on Wednesday.

A group of human rights and other societies had then welcomed Bahrain's election to the council saying the country would now be scrutinised from close quarters by international organisations.

The now-dissolved Bahrain Centre for Human Rights vice-president Nabeel Rajab described the move as racist and shameful.

"If a Bahraini commits a similar or even worse crime what action would they take," he said "Would they deport all Bahrainis from here?

"If an American or European had committed the crime instead of the Bangladeshi, would the MPs dare raise their voice against them, forget imposing a ban on their countries? This is pure racial discrimination.

"Something like this should not even be thought of or discussed.

"I am ashamed that this statement was made by a Bahraini citizen and above all an MP.

"Bangladeshis, like all other expatriate nationalities, should first be appreciated for all the contributions they have made to our country.

"Instead of that, our MPs forget the hard work and sweat of thousands of expatriates and plan to deport them all based on one person's actions.

"This recent terrible incident should be looked upon as a crime committed by an individual instead of his nationality being highlighted.

"He definitely did not commit the crime because of being a Bangladeshi or any particular nationality.

"The man should be given the appropriate punishment instead of a whole community being attacked."

Mr Rajab said that the Bangladesh Embassy has to take tougher measures in addressing the problem of their own citizens when dealing with host governments.

"Workers should be guaranteed their right not to be deported with prior review of their cases by an independent judiciary in order to ensure that their right to fair and due process is respected."

Bahrain Human Rights Watch Society regional and international relations director Faisal Fulad said that the proposal was against Bahraini culture and heritage.

"We are against this move because it is absolutely wrong to ban a whole nation for one person's crime," said Mr Fulad, who is also a Shura Council member.

"The crime was committed by a person and not a community, so the criminal should be punished instead of tens of thousands.

"People from every country have flaws in their characters in one way or the other, including Bahrainis. That doesn't mean that all of them should be sent back home.

"It is up to the court to decide the punishment and not MPs."

Migrant Worker's Protection Society (MWPS) action committee head Marietta Dias said that banning Bangladeshis was unfair.

"I don't think this is fair at all to the tens of thousands of law-abiding Bangladeshis who are earning a decent living in Bahrain," she said.

"Terrible incidents like this are expected in a society where different nationalities live together.

"What happened to the Bahraini victim and his surviving family is indeed very appalling and has no justification.

"But the punishment should be directed towards the person rather than the nation he comes from. "This is human rights violation and racial discrimination."

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------- © Gulf Daily News



Ban on workers 'will spell misery' By Begena P Pradeep Published: 26th May 2008

ALL Bangladeshis could be expelled from Bahrain by the end of this year if a proposal by a group of local MPs is approved by parliament, it emerged yesterday.

The proposal by Al Asala bloc follows the death of a Bahraini who was killed in an attack after an argument with a Bangladeshi mechanic at a workshop in Suq Waqif, Hamad Town on Friday.

The worker demanded BD1.500 for welding machine repairs, but Bahraini Mohammed Jassim Dossary insisted on paying BD1, sources told the GDN.

Following a heated exchange, the worker attacked him with a grinder.

Mr Dossary reportedly lay bleeding on the road for some time before he was helped.

He was declared dead at BDF Hospital where he was rushed with severe neck injuries.

The man has been arrested and detained for seven days pending further investigation and medical, technical and police reports, the Public Prosecution said.

He is charged with premeditated crime and will stand trial after the investigations are over.

The seven-member bloc plans to submit the proposal to parliament when it reopens in October after the summer break.

They will set a timeframe to expel all Bangladeshi workers, currently said to be around 90,000 in Bahrain, and stop the recruitment of new ones.

"It has been observed that people from the Bangladesh community are involved in many ugly crimes and murders," bloc member Abdulhaleem Abdulla Ahmed Murad told the GDN.

"We don't want to live with people of such criminal nature. We have been receiving many complaints and requests from Bahrainis to get rid of Bangladeshis from their neighbourhood.

"They were worried for their lives and families.

"Now after the murder of the Bahraini, our people who live in areas that are mostly populated by Bangladeshis are afraid even to step out of their homes.

"Why should we live our lives like mice in our own country because of foreigners?

"Bangladeshis seem to have a culture different even from other Asian expatriates, which we find hard to adjust to.

"They are involved in murders, robberies, drugs and prostitution, which is a threat to social security in Bahrain.

"It is not possible to deport all Bangladeshis from Bahrain at once.

"So we will set a timeframe within which they should be sent home and all the while, no new Bangladeshi should be allowed into Bahrain.

"We are not against a particular group and not saying that all Bangladeshis are bad people.

"But this is their general nature and we don't know who is good or who is bad.

"If you look at the crime records of the past two years, Bangladeshis are the ones who have committed the most shocking and gruesome crimes.

"We don't want to risk any more of our people's lives and this decision is in the best interest of Bahrain.

"We need some time to study the after-effects of our proposal and need to discuss the issue with Bahrain's Labour Ministry and Interior Ministry.

"Then the proposal will be submitted to the parliament when it reopens after summer."

Mr Murad pointed out that Kuwait and Saudi Arabia were successful in banning Bangladeshis from their countries and that Bahrain should follow suit.

Saudi Arabia's Labour Ministry had clarified in March that the decision to stop hiring Bangladeshis was in the housing and agricultural sectors.

This decision was taken because the quota fixed for Bangladeshi workers in Saudi was over, according to a top Ministry official.

The official's clarification came amid rumours that Saudi had halted hiring Bangladeshis altogether after media reports pointed to their involvement in most of the criminal acts.

The Kuwaiti Interior Ministry in May last year said that a decision to suspend the recruitment of Bangladeshi workers to Kuwait was taken because of the crimes committed by them.

It has suspended hiring them citing increasing incidences of crimes.

The country had decided to ban Bangladeshi workers in 1999, apparently because a worker strangled his 90-year-old employer, stole his money and fled.

They lifted the ban a year later following the signing of a technical agreement between the two countries.

However, Bangladesh Embassy hopes the Bahrain government would consider their citizen's murder as a "discrete incident" and "not punish" the entire Bangladeshi community for one person's misdeed.

"We want Bahrain to consider this unfortunate and sad incident as a discrete one and hope the government will not choose to ban the entire community for one person's crime," embassy first secretary Ibrahim Muhammad told the GDN.

"There are more than 90,000 Bangladeshis living in Bahrain and everyone should not be punished for the actions of one person.

"We fully acknowledge that many of our citizens are engaged in various crimes which is frustrating for us and we plan to organise a motivational campaign.

"We will educate the people to report any of their problems to the concerned authorities instead of taking the law into their own hands even if they get desperate.

"Bangladeshis represent the second largest expatriate community in Bahrain.

"They are working here as engineers, policemen and other security personnel, doctors, teachers, financial experts, accountants, business management officials, hotel management staff, chefs and service staff, salesman, bakers, mechanics, plumbers, masons, carpenters, tailors, hairdressers, construction workers, cleaners, drivers, and domestic aides.

"Bangladeshis own or run about 200 grocery shops or cold stores, Internet call centres, small restaurants and saloons centred in Manama, Muharraq, Hamad Town and East Riffa."

Mr Muhammad also pointed out that Dhaka has not yet lifted a ban on their housemaids from travelling abroad to any country in 1998 to protect them from abusive employers, though the policy was implemented in Bahrain in 2004.

Embassy Charge d'Affaires Saiful Islam expressed his sincere sympathy and condolence to the family members, relatives and friends of the murdered Bahraini.

"The news has shocked and saddened me and the Bangladeshi community in Bahrain," said Mr Islam.

"There is no doubt that this sad event has created a very disturbing situation for the Bahrain government, its citizens and for us, the Bangladesh government and the Bangladeshis living here.

"I know that my condolences cannot relieve the pain in the minds of the bereaved family members, friends and relatives of the victim, but I can assure that the Bangladesh government would like to see the perpetrator of the crime dealt with according to law.

"Our government has also expressed shock and sadness at the news of the death.

"They convey their heartfelt sympathy to the members of the victim's family.

"We hope that bilateral relation with Bahrain would not be affected as a consequence of this incident.

"We assure all assistance in the trial process of the suspect. "We, the Bangladeshis, are thinking of them in their sorrow and they have our sincere condolences." begena@gdn.com.bh


© Gulf Daily News http://www.gulf-daily-news.com/story.asp?Article=218474&Sn=BNEW&IssueID=31067

22 May, 2008

Pakistan and Bahrain must now live up to the standards set for Human Rights Council membership,” said Juliette de Rivero

UN: Sri Lanka’s Defeat a Victory for Human Rights Council UN Vote Upholds Council Membership Standards on Rights

(New York, May 21, 2008) – UN member states enforced the standards they established for the new Human Rights Council by not re-electing Sri Lanka to the body today. Domestic and international human rights advocates who had opposed Sri Lanka’s re-election to the council said the vote was a victory for human rights standards and for victims of abuse in Sri Lanka. Fifteen seats on the 47-member council were filled in the election during the UN General Assembly, in which six candidates competed for the four open seats reserved for Asian countries. The UN assembly elected Japan with 155 votes, South Korea with 139, Pakistan with 114, and Bahrain with 142 votes. Sri Lanka failed to win election with 101 votes, as did the new state of Timor Leste, which garnered 92 votes.

In reconstituting the UN’s leading human rights body in 2006, UN states required council members to “uphold the highest standards” of human rights and “fully cooperate” with the council. Sri Lanka was one of the initial members elected to the rights council in 2006, and strongly campaigned for re-election this year in New York, Geneva, and capitals around the world.

“We applaud UN members for rejecting an abusive state which has used its position on the Human Rights Council not to promote human rights, but to protect itself and other violator states from scrutiny,” said Steve Crawshaw, UN Advocacy Director at Human Rights Watch and spokesman for the NGO Coalition for an Effective Human Rights Council. “The defeat of Sri Lanka this year, and of Belarus last year, will help discourage other human rights violators from seeking or winning election to the council.”

In opposing re-election, a coalition of Sri Lankan nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) said that their government has “presided over a grave deterioration of human rights protection” since winning membership, and “has used its membership in the Human Rights Council to protect itself from scrutiny.” A coalition of NGOs from all regions of the world charged Sri Lanka with widespread disappearances, extrajudicial killings, torture, and a failure to cooperate with UN human rights experts. Three Nobel Peace Prize winners – Archbishop Desmond Tutu of South Africa, Adolfo Pérez Esquivel of Argentina, and former President Jimmy Carter of the United States – also called on UN Members to oppose Sri Lanka’s re-election bid.

A coalition of NGOs also successfully opposed the candidacy of Belarus for the Human Rights Council in 2007, when Belarus was defeated by Bosnia and Herzegovina on a second ballot in the General Assembly.

“The rejection of Sri Lanka after a global campaign lends vital support to the victims of abuse, and sends a strong message to the government of Sri Lanka,” said Michael Anthony, program coordinator of the Asian Human Rights Commission in Hong Kong. “We hope this result will open a new international dialogue with Sri Lanka that encourages the government to put an end to rampant violations by its security forces, and accept the assistance of human rights monitors from the United Nations. The separatist Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam also commit grave human rights abuses, but this does not justify government abuses, and the people of Sri Lanka would benefit greatly from UN monitoring of both sides to the conflict.”

There were competitive elections for the open seats allocated to two of the other five UN regional groups. To represent Western European and Others Group, UN members elected the United Kingdom and France, while Spain failed to win election. From Eastern Europe, Slovakia and Ukraine were elected, while Serbia was unsuccessful. A “closed slate” nominated by the African Group – Burkina Faso, Gabon, Ghana, and Zambia – all won the “absolute majority” required for election to the four open African seats, as did the three countries – Argentina, Brazil, and Chile – which ran uncontested for the three open seats allocated to Latin America and the Caribbean.

“We wish that there had been competitive elections in all five regions, as contemplated when the council was established,” said Franck Kamunga of the African Democracy Forum in Nairobi. “However, all of the countries elected this year have the potential to make a real contribution to promoting human rights. The important thing now is for the new council members to put aside political considerations and alliances and use their positions conscientiously to protect the victims of human rights abuse.”

While taking no position on whether Pakistan and Bahrain should have been elected to the council, the NGO Coalition for an Effective Human Rights Council specifically called on both governments to implement domestic human rights reforms and engage more constructively with other governments on the council.

“Pakistan and Bahrain must now live up to the standards set for Human Rights Council membership,” said Juliette de Rivero, Geneva director at Human Rights Watch. “They must work to strengthen the council’s capacity to protect the victims of human rights worldwide, rather than allowing abusive governments to be shielded from scrutiny.”

21 May, 2008

Statement by National and Int. NGO’s On the Candidacy of Bahrain to Human Rights Council

Statement by National and Int. NGO’s On the Candidacy of Bahrain to Human Rights Council May 18, 2008 We, the undersigned, national and international NGO’s, urge the Bahrain government to commit, if elected, to achieve the following, during its membership period: On the international level:

1. to support broad and equal attention by the Council to all serious human rights situations around the world, including through existing permanent agenda items, special sessions, new mandates, and other Council mechanisms, 2. to play a constructive role in the UPR process, by conducting an equal and objective assessment of the human rights records of all states, regardless of regional, cultural, or geo-political ties, 3. to support the further strengthening of and cooperation with the special procedures, both country-specific and thematic, 4. to support the independence of the Office of the High Commissioner of Human Rights, 5. to support further strengthening the effective role of NGO’s in the councel and its mechanisms,

On the national level:

6. to schedule the implementation of all voluntary commitment stated by Bahrain government in its report and its statement to the HRC Universal Periodic Review this year, 7. to remove reservations on the ratified treaties, namely; ICERD (art. 22) Individual complaints (art.14), ICESCR (art. 8(1)(d)), ICCPR (arts. 3, 9(5), 14(7), 18 and 23) Inter-state complaints (art.41), CEDAW (arts. 2, 9(2), 15(4), 16, 29(1)), CAT (art. 30(1)) Inter-state complaints (art. 21): Individual complaints (art. 22), CRC-OP-AC (art. 3(2)), 8. to ratify other core treaties and instruments, namely: ICCPR-OP, ICCPR-OP, OP-CEDAW, OP-CAT, ICRMW, CPD, OP-CPD, CED, Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court, Conventions on Refugees and Stateless Persons, Protocol III of Geneva Conventions, ILO Fundamental Conventions No 87, 98 and 100, and UNESCO Convention against Discrimination in Education, 9. to submit due and overdue reports to UN treaty bodies, namely: CERD periodic reports due in 2007, HR Committee Initial report due in 2007, CAT periodic report due in 2007, CRC periodic reports overdue since 2004, CRC-OP-AC and CRC-OP-SC Initial reports overdue since 2006, 10. to fully cooperate with UN Special Procedures including; responding to all letters of allegation and urgent appeals and questionnaires on thematic issues within the deadlines, 11. to fully implement the recommendations of the Working Group on Arbitrary Detention (visited BAH in 2001) and the Special Rapporteur on trafficking in persons (visited BAH in 2006), 12. to respond positively and promptly to any request for visit by UN Special Procedures, including the standing request by the Special Rapporteur on the human rights of migrants and the expected request by the Special Rapporteur on human rights defenders, 13. to react positively and concretely to the CRC’s 2002 concluding observations including providing information on serious allegations of torture and arbitrary arrest of persons under 18 and to investigate effectively all cases of torture by police officers or other government officials and bring the perpetrators to justice, 14. to react positively concretely to CAT’s 2005 conclusions and recommendations including; the full insurance of the independence of the judiciary, the lack of a comprehensive definition of torture in domestic law, the blanket amnesty extended to all alleged perpetrators of torture or other crimes by Decree No. 56 of 2002, the lack of redress available to victims of torture, to ensure that any measure taken to combat terrorism, including the law, complies with international human rights law, the inadequate safeguards available to detainees, including access to external legal advice while in police custody, to medical assistance and to family members, and lack of access by independent monitors to all places of detention without prior notice, notwithstanding assurances by Bahrain that it will allow access to civil society organizations. 15. to react positively and concretely to CERD’s 2005 conclusions and recommendations including; to take measures to give effect to the provisions of the ICERD, to incorporate in domestic law a definition of racial discrimination that includes the elements set forth in article 1 of ICERD, to provide statistics on cases of application of relevant provisions of domestic legislation concerning racial discrimination, the disparate treatment of, opportunities afforded to, and discrimination faced by, members of some groups, in particular the Shia, and to provide information on concrete steps taken to ensure that everyone, without distinction based on race, colour, descent, or national or ethnic origin, enjoys the right set out in Art 5 of ICERD, 16. to react positively concretely to CERD’s request to maintain dialogue with all civil society organizations, including those critical of its policies, and to requests and concerns of SRSG on the situation of human rights defenders including; that the decision to dissolve the Bahrain Centre for Human Rights was an attempt by the authorities to silence human rights defenders in the country, the use of criminal charges such as “encouraging hatred of the State” and “distributing falsehoods and rumors” frequently implies the risk of suppressing legitimate free speech particularly when such charges are raised against a person for having denounced alleged human rights violations, the heaviness of the alleged sentences for defamation which is still a criminal offence in the country, to provide information on certain human rights activists and on any charges brought against them, to review the Law on Societies and other relevant regulations to ensure that Bahrain’s legislation adequately protects the right of persons to freely organize to defend human rights. 17. to investigate and provide redress and safeguards in regard to the shared concern of three UN mandate holders with respect to the alleged disproportionate use of force by the Bahraini security forces when dispersing peaceful demonstrators where many of the demonstrators were reportedly beaten and some required hospital treatment. 18. to take serious steps regarding notes by the Special Rapporteur on the independence of judges and lawyers, together with the Special Rapporteur on violence against women, that; Bahrain does not have a codified family law that stipulates clear and equitable norms on divorce or child custody, judges can decide cases according to their personal interpretation of Sharia, reported failures to take into account clear evidence of violence against women. 19. to take serious steps regarding allegations raised by CERD and UNHCR of substantial prejudice against women migrant domestic workers, their working conditions, and their lack of protection under the Labor Code. 20. to respond positively and concretely to the concern and request by CERD and UNHCR that Bahraini woman is unable to transmit her nationality to her child when she is married to a foreign national, and that a foreign man is unable to acquire Bahraini nationality in the same manner as a foreign woman. To consider modifying these provisions and ensure that particular groups of non-citizens are not discriminated against with regard to access to citizenship or naturalization. 21. to establish the national human rights institution in accordance with the Paris Principles as recommended by CAT and CERD. Signatories up-to-date:

International and Non-Bahraini NGO’s:

1. Democracy Coalition Project, Dokhi Fassihian, Acting Executive Director 2. Africa Democracy Forum, Franck KAMUNGA, Coordinator 3. The Cairo Institute for Human Rights Studies, Moataz El fegiery, Executive Director 4. Humanus International, Dieudonné Zognong, President, 5. FORUM-ASIA, Giyoun Kim, UN Advocacy Programme Manager 6. The Mexican Commission for the Defense and Promotion of Human Rights, Humberto Guerrero, Advocacy Director 7. Defense International – Norway 8. International Justice Network, USA 9. The Andean Commission of Jurists (Comision Andina de Juristas) – Peru 10. CARAM – ASIA 11. African Centre, Hannah Forster 12. The Arab Program for Human Rights Activists – Egypt 13. East and Horn of Africa Human Rights Defenders Project (EHAHRDP), Hassan Shire Sheikh, Executive Director of 14. Yemen Women Journalists – MOF 15. TAKAMUL Youth Regional Network 16. The National Society for Democracy and Law – Palestine 17. Political Development Forum – Yemen 18. Earth Centre for Human Rights – Egypt 19. Yemen Organization for the defense of Rights and Freedoms 20. The Arab Centre for the Independence of Lawyers and Judges – Egypt 21. National Commission for the Defense of Rights and Freedoms (HOOD) –Yemen 22. Damascus Centre for Studies and Civil Rights – Syria 23. Yemen Monitor for Human Rights –Yemen 24. Human Rights First – Saudi Arabia 25. Women Journalist Without Restrictions – Yemen 26. Human Security Initiative – Sudan 27. Social Democratic Forum- Yemen 28. Conscience Institute for Human Rights, Palestine 29. Vo Van Ai, President, Que Me: Action for Democracy in Vietnam 30.The Egyptian association for community participation enhancement 31.El Nadim Center for the psychological rehabilitation of victims of violence 32.Andalus Institute for Tolerance and Anti-Violence Studies 33. Human Rights Watch

Bahrain National NGO’s:

29. Bahrain Human Rights Society 30. Bahrain Centre for Human Rights 31. Bahrain Women Petition 32. Bahrain Youth Human Rights Society 33. Returnee Committee 34. Democratic National Action Society – WA’AD 35. Movement of Liberties and Democracy "HAQ" 36. Bahrain Women Renaissance Society 37. Democratic Progressive Forum Society 38. Islamic Action Society- AMAL 39. National Committee for Martyrs and Victims of Torture 40. Committee for the Unemployed and the Underpaid

12 May, 2008

BCHR: Media coverage of elections marred by self-censorship, political pressure, exclusion of voices and blocking of Internet

(BCHR/IFEX) - The following is an abridged 3 May 2008 BCHR press release:

On World Press Freedom Day: A Report by a Regional Group Calls for Reforming the Media in Bahrain; The BCHR Calls for Discussing Report Findings and Implementing Its Recommendations

The results of monitoring the media coverage of the last parliamentary elections in Bahrain reflected a number of pitfalls in terms of freedom of the media in fair coverage of elections. It aroused doubts about the fairness and credibility of radio and TV stations as well as the eight daily newspapers. Despite the relative margin of liberty in Bahrain in comparison with some neighboring countries, the report concludes that the media played a role in hindering democracy instead of supporting it and that there is a lot to do in order to reform this state of affairs. (. . . )

Summary of the results:

1. Candidates and political associations were prevented from accessing radio and television programs under the pretext of neutrality toward competitors. While, on the other hand, these stations were used during the campaign period for mobilization and propaganda in favor of the ruling elite and the government, which would influence the voter in favor of candidates close to the government. Programs were broadcast to undermine members of the opposition who did not have an opportunity to express their opinions.

2. On the main radio channels, the quantitative results in the report show that electoral mobilization and government news occupied 93% of broadcasting time compared to other topics, namely electoral information and competition. While on the main TV channel, electoral mobilization and government news occupied 71% of broadcasting time compared to other topics. Through qualitative results, the report shows that electoral mobilization is overwhelmingly used as political propaganda for the King and the royal family, which places indirect influence on the elections by strengthening the loyal candidates and weakening the opposition.

3. In regard to foreign press, the authorities adopted a clever yet manipulative approach, by selecting and generously hosting 200 representatives of foreign media, especially from Arab countries, and providing them with facilities and tours, which is reflected in their bias in covering the elections.

4. The authorities prevented access to Internet sites which are considered as dissident sites.

5. Although all eight daily newspapers are privately owned and declare themselves as independent and politically independent, in law and practice, they are subject to government influence and pressure. That is reflected in self-censorship and wide coverage of government news and achievements. ( . . . )

10. In conclusion, the media in Bahrain has failed to play an impartial role in 2006 elections of the House of Representatives. When radio and TV channels lack independence and refuse to take a campaigning role, and when the national newspapers lack impartiality and professionalism, and when candidates lack effective means to reach voters, that all reflects negatively on participation, the voter's right to access to information, and their ability to make the right choice, which would put under question the credibility of the entire democratic process. (. . . )

BACKGROUND: This report is the result of a project supervised by the Arab Working Group for Monitoring of Media Coverage of Elections in November 2006. It was undertaken in cooperation with International Media Support of Denmark, and was implemented by four national groups: BCHR, the Bahrain Society for Freedoms and Democracy Support, Amnesty International - Bahrain Group and Bahrain Youth Human Rights Society.

For the full press release, see: http://www.bahrainrights.org/en


For further information contact Nabeel Rajab, Vice-President, BCHR, Manama, Bahrain, tel: +973 3963 3399 / 3940 0720, fax: +973 1779 5170, e-mail: nabeel.rajab@bahrainrights.org, info@bahrainrights.org, Internet: http://www.bahrainrights.org

4 May, 2008

The release of Arab detainees in Guantanamo: Successful model for the national, regional and international joint efforts

Bahrain Centre for Human Rights - March 2008. The Kingdom of Bahrain is the first Arab country to have all its detainees released from Guantanamo. They were released as the result of a diplomatic and security agreement between the Bahraini and American authorities, but in reality this would have not taken place without the activity and continued pressure exerted by institutions of civil society, human rights organizations, the US law firm representing Bahraini detainees, a popular movement, and the parliament. The Bahraini detainees were released on a batch basis; three were returned in November 2005, and the other three were returned individually in October 2006 and July and August 2007.

The fact that the detainees now are with their relatives and loved ones, enjoying the full freedom, away from the Guantanamo prison base, proves that the United States no longer considers them to be ‘terrorists’ or ‘enemy combatants’, and a threat to its security - as it maintained during their detention. This also means that their detention for that period was arbitrary and unjust, and had they been given the opportunity to be tried before a court that applies international standards for fair trials they would have been declared innocent a long time ago.

Most of the Bahraini detainees were caught in Pakistan and not in Afghanistan as the United States has claimed, and this is also the case for many Arab detainees. It seems they were ‘bought’ from some poor Pakistani tribes as a result of generous offers made by American soldiers to buy any foreigners.

At the end of 2001 most of the detainees the Bahraini were sent to Guantanamo prison, where they remained isolated from the outside world for more than three years, until the US Supreme Court’s decision in June 2004 which allowed lawyers to visit them.

The role of the Bahrain Center for Human Rights (BCHR)

The Bahrain Centre for Human Rights’ role was to provide aid and assistance to the families of Arab detainees in Guantanamo, and to act as a coordinating body between the law firms representing the detainees in the USA and the detainees’ families, in order to provide further assistance to the pro-bono American lawyers in defending the Arab detainees.

It is important to note that lawyers could not make a defense for any detainee before American courts until they obtained power of attorney from the detainee himself, or from a member of his family. Since the detainees were not allowed to be visited by lawyers in the Guantanamo prison at the time, securing the power of attorney from their family members was essential in order to begin judicial proceeding in the American courts.

The BCHR’s work began in Yemen (as Yemeni nationals constituted one of the largest percentages of detainees in Guantanamo) but then continued in Bahrain, which became place where legal representation work began for detainees from all the Arab countries.

The BCHR’s role also included the coordination between the American lawyers defending detainees and the detainees’ families, as well as the coordination with institutions within civil society including human rights organizations in detainees’ home countries. We worked towards creating a direct relation between the two actors.

One of the difficulties faced in reaching the families of the detainees in the Arab world was the fact that we did not know the detainees’ names or addresses, since the American administration refused to release their names, addresses and their home countries, or indeed any information that could have guided us to know where they were. What made it even more difficult was the fact that many of the detainees’ families were not prepared to admit that they had relatives in the Guantanamo prison, out of fears of being targeted and harmed by the security authorities in their countries. Furthermore, some families felt shame as a result of the negative public opinion against them at the time as a result of the September 11 2001 terrorist attacks in New York. The families were afraid of being targeted by the US and its allied governments in the Gulf countries as part of the “war on terror”.

Another obstacle was the lack of confidence of the majority of the detainees’ families had in the integrity and independence of the American judicial and administrative system, especially when it came to issues related to Muslims.

Role and importance of the US Lawyers

As the BCHR played the role of a coordinator between the law firms in the USA and the families of the detainees in the Arab world, we believe it is important to highlight the excellent and effective role played by lawyers in the US, and the institutions coordinating with them, as well as the role of the Center for Constitutional Rights. They were invaluable in highlighting the massive violations against detainees, and bringing this issue to the awareness of the public in the United States and throughout the whole world.

The fact that all these cases were legally drawn up and presented in the US courts played an active role in exposing the abuses and violations of the American government, embarrassing them, and applying pressure for change. Their work also exposed the failure of civil society institutions in the Arab states for their reluctance to pursue concrete step towards campaigning for the betterment of the detainees’ situation.

It is also important to note that the lawyers visits were the only means of providing information to the rest of the world, to raise awareness about the violations and abuses committed inside the prison, which were then reported by media and human rights organizations. The letters between detainees and their families were either censored or had large parts erased by American security agencies, making them worthless in providing information about conditions in the prison. Therefore the lawyers visits to detainees were the only means for an exchange of information between the detainees and the outside world.

Ten out of the five hundred American lawyers’ voluntarily represented Bahraini detainees. Between October 2004 and June 2007 the lawyers made 12 visits to the Guantanamo prison base, and five visits to Bahrain. The lawyers’ visits to the region usually aimed to keep the issue alive and popular through media, civil society institutions, Parliament and in meetings with officials in the Bahraini government. They also visited with families of the detainees to inform them of the latest developments.

Some of the lawyers who handled these cases were subject to internal pressure in the US, threats, and harassment, for defending persons accused by their government for carrying out terrorist attacks on their territory, or planning to do so. On the other hand lawyers initially also faced great difficulties in dealing with the detainees themselves, who suspected them of being intelligence agents working for the US government. The detainees feared that lawyers were at their disposal in order to push them into admitting things that they had not done which would subsequently convict them; for these reasons many of those lawyers were even rejected by the detainees.

Relationships between US pro-bono Lawyers and Gulf Governments

The nature of the relationship that has developed between the American law firms and each of the Governments of Gulf states varies between countries. Kuwait was the first Arab country to act in favor of its detained nationals by pressing charges at the Federal court in May 2002, hiring a well-known law firm in the United States. Kuwait is considered a rare case given that it is the only Arab state that paid large amounts of money to return its own citizens from the Guantanamo.

Bahrain’s government preferred to engage in diplomatic dialogue with the American administration rather than going through long and complicated judicial proceedings. It has therefore ignored for quite long time the work of the American lawyers who volunteered to defend the Bahraini detainees, but was later forced to consider them due to the pressure brought by the institutions of civil society, the press, and families of detainees as well as the Parliament. However, the relationship remained weak, aiming at quelling public pressure rather than real coordination.

The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia preferred direct security and diplomatic negotiations between the two countries rather than the judicial proceedings, and totally ignored the issues related to the US courts and the lawyers, refusing to receive any of the lawyers in Saudi Arabia. It even refused to provide lawyers representing Saudi detainees with an entry visa to meet the detainees’ families. Based on the above reasons, the Bahrain Center for Human Rights organized several individual and collective meetings between the Saudi detainees’ families and the American lawyers in Bahrain given that Bahrain is the closest state to Saudi Arabia.

How did the Gulf Governments deal with the detainees who returned from Guantanamo?

The way Gulf governments treated the detainees returned from Guantanamo differed between states. Bahrain, which has received all its detainees, investigated them for few hours upon their arrival and then released them after taking their residence details, and saved their case at the Public Prosecutors’ office.

As for Saudi Arabia, which has now received most of its detainees, it imprisoned them at the prison for up to two months and then shifted them to a rehabilitation program for six months in a location similar to a touristic resort, with swimming pools and different sports and leisure equipment. It then released them after giving each one a car, a life long monthly salary in addition to an amount of money for marriage purposes and a housing allocation.

In Kuwait, which has received eight of its twelve detainees at different times, detainees were held in custody for a period of three to six months, and were then presented to the court, were they were declared innocent. The Kuwaiti government provided each detainee with a monthly salary upon his arrival to Kuwait.

Their situation upon arrival

Almost all the detainees who returned from Guantanamo were able to re-integrate into their societies, and those who surrounded them tried to help them as well. Some detainees kept rejecting all that is American, doubting even the lawyers who defended them, the Human Rights Organizations and the International Red Cross, considering them all working for a United States agenda.

Several representatives from American and Western research or media institutions visited Gulf recently and tried to meet with the released detainees, but most detainees refused the meetings because they doubted their intentions or background. Other detainees did not meet them as an attempt to forget the painful past, and even boycott anything which might remind them of this past.

The positive outcome

Despite the tough conditions in dealing with the violations that took place in the Guantanamo, some positive sides should be highlighted.

Thanks to all the efforts, especially those of the international non governmental Human Rights institutions and the Civil Society institutions around the world, that made the detainees in Guantanamo no longer be seen as terrorists and murders, detained by the American justice system, but as victims of an unfair and illegal arrests, detained in prisons with conditions well below the minimum standards for human rights and dignity.

The other positive outcome was primarily the participation of actors within the movement related to this case. In Bahrain for instance, advocacy work on the Guantanamo issue strengthened cooperation between the Sunnis and the Shiites, considering that most of those who worked with us in defending the detainees in Guantanamo at the Bahrain Center for Human Rights were from the Shiite sect while all the detainees were from the Sunni sect. This strengthened the relations between the different sects at a time when sectarian tension was at its peak due to several incidents following the invasion of Iraq.

This also applies to the religious tolerance between the Muslims and other religions. The lawyers who volunteered to defend the detainees in the United Stated were Christians or Jewish, and this had a positive impact on the conservative Muslim societies in the Gulf States. It changed the negative perception many had about these two religions, and about the American people, because the lawyers presented a positive image of their citizens by working on this case and defending the human rights of others - against their own government’s policies.

The last point worth mentioning is the management of the negative relationship between Human Rights Activists in the Arab world and the Islamic movements. The Human rights movement in the Arab Gulf won the respect of the political Islamic groups after a period of tension and boycott.

This fruitful experience remains one of many experiences of cooperation between the activists and the institutions of civil societies and the governments overcoming all the geographic, ethnic and religious obstacles. It also strengthens the confidence in the work of the Human Rights organizations that played a major role and gives hope for a better future.

29 Apr, 2008

BCHR/IFEX: Authorities threaten to use force to prevent conference

Country/Topic: Bahrain Date: 29 April 2008 Source: Bahrain Center for Human Rights (BCHR) Person(s): Target(s): other Type(s) of violation(s): threatened Urgency: Threat (BCHR/IFEX) - A high Bahraini security officer informed Karbabad Matam, an events venue in Manama, that it was not allowed to hold a public conference scheduled for 25 April 2008. The security officer stated that, if necessary, the Security Special Forces (SSF) would intervene by force to prevent the event from taking place. The organisers of the event told BCHR that these threats were made by the head of the Exhibition police station on 24 April.

Political and human rights figures were supposed to take part in the event, including the head of BCHR, who was going to give a speech on human rights on a new public petition that demands the prime minister step down because of human rights violations that took place during his 27 years of service.

Restricting a peaceful gathering is a flagrant breach of Articles 19 and 20 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights concerning freedom of expression, the press and assembly, and also contradicts Article 23, concerned with freedom of expression, and Article 28, concerned with freedom of expression and the right to assembly, in the 2002 Constitution of the Kingdom of Bahrain.

The SSF have previously used violence to prevent political and cultural events, such as a 2006 conference, in which there was to be a screening of video clips of the public petition sent to the United Nations and signed by 83,000 citizens, demanding the drafting of a modern constitution through an elected council. Violence was used to prevent the event despite the fact that among the participants were Members of Parliament. On another occasion, the SSF attacked protestors in the area of el Malkeyia shore, firing rubber bullets and tear gas at them when they gathered to demand the removal of fish farms owned by the cousin of King Hamad ben Essa Al Khalifa. The king's cousin owns the entire shore and prohibits the inhabitants of Malkeyia from fishing it. Another gathering was attacked by SSF in the village of Noaydarat, where political figures assembled to show their solidarity with the secretary general of Haq Movement, Mr. Hasan Moshaymea, and Abdulhadi Khawaja, the head of BCHR, who were being brought to trial after giving speeches in which they criticised the government.

BCHR urges the Bahrain authorities: - to respect freedom of assembly, opinion and expression in accordance with international standards; - to refrain from using, or threatening to use, force in the suppression of peaceful gatherings; - to implement the government promises made during the periodical review of Bahrain by the Human Rights Council that took place in April, especially those relating to freedom of expression, and - to put a timeframe on the implementation of relevant recommendations by UN bodies.


For further information contact Nabeel Rajab, Vice-President, BCHR, Manama, Bahrain, tel: +973 3963 3399 / 3940 0720, fax: +973 1779 5170, e-mail: nabeel.rajab@bahrainrights.org, info@bahrainrights.org, Internet: http://www.bahrainrights.org

24 Apr, 2008

BCHR/IFEX: Journalist and editor fined in defamation case

(BCHR/IFEX) - The Bahrain Centre for Human Rights is concerned by the use of the repressive and widely condemned Press Decree Code 47 (2002) against a local journalist and news editor.

Jaafar Al Jamry from "Al Wasat" newspaper was handed a BD 150 (approx. US$396) fine by judges at the High Criminal Court on 16 April 2008. He was charged with publishing defamatory remarks and false information about an employee at the Health Ministry. Court proceedings were initiated against Al Jamry after a Health Ministry employee filed a complaint against him. Al Jamry has maintained his innocence, saying that his remarks did not target the employee in her personal capacity. The Lower Criminal Court previously ruled it had no jurisdiction over the case, which was then sent to the High Criminal Court. "We are disappointed to see that the legal system in Bahrain, specifically the repressive Press Decree of 2002, has been used against a journalist in Bahrain," BCHR vice president Nabeel Rajab said.

"This law has been criticised by local NGOs and international human rights organisations for effectively criminalising people for exercising their civil and political rights such as freedom of expression and speech.

"Such developments are not in keeping with the promised democratic reforms in the country, and we urge the government to reconsider the law in this light. Legislation in Bahrain should support political reform and the development of a climate of openness in which Press freedoms are respected and upheld."

Updates the Al Jamry case: http://www.ifex.org/en/content/view/full/87313


For further information contact Nabeel Rajab, Vice-President, BCHR, Manama, Bahrain, tel: +973 3963 3399 / 3940 0720, fax: +973 1779 5170, e-mail: nabeel.rajab@bahrainrights.org, info@bahrainrights.org, Internet: http://www.bahrainrights.org

23 Apr, 2008

THE OBSERVATORY: Hearing in the trial of seven human rights defenders



BAHRAIN: Hearing in the trial of seven human rights defenders

International Mission of Judicial Observation

Geneva-Paris, April 23, 2008. On April 16, 2008, the Observatory for the protection of human rights defenders, a joint programme of the World Organisation Against Torture (OMCT) and the International Federation for Human Rights (FIDH), sent an international mission of judicial observation in the framework of the trial of seven human rights defenders, which was held before the High Criminal Court of Bahrain.

Indeed, the Observatory recalls that Messrs. Maytham Bader Jassim Am-Sheikh, Hassan Abdulnabi, Hassan Abdelnabi Hassan, Abdullah Mohsen Abdulah Saleh, and Ahmad Jaffar Mohammed Ali, members of the Unemployment Committee, Mr. Naji Al Fateel, member of the Bahrain Youth Society for Human Rights (BYSHR), Mr. Mohammed Abdullah Al Sengais, Head of the Committee to Combat High Prices, and Mr. Ebrahim Mohamed Amin Al-Arab, founding member of the Martyrs and Victims Committee, remain detained subsequent to their participation in a peaceful demonstration at the occasion of the Martyrs’ Day, on December 17, 2007[1]. They were then charged of “illegal gathering” as well as of “theft of a weapon and ammunition” and “possession of weapon and ammunition without permission”.

On February 24, 2008, a hearing took place regarding 18 persons involved in the December demonstration, including the seven above-mentioned defenders. In the course of the session, Messrs. Am-Sheikh, Abdulnabi, Abdulah Saleh, Mohammed Ali, Al-Fateel, Al-Sengais and Al-Arab pleaded not guilty. The defendants further complained about the acts of torture and ill-treatment that they had been enduring while in detention, such as being prevented from sleeping, tied up for long periods and denied medical attention. Some of them declared that they had been subjected to sexual assault in the framework of their detention.

A new hearing was set to March 17, 2008 to allow defence lawyers time to get prepared. After the hearing, the defendants were allowed to meet with their relatives briefly, before being transferred to the Dry Dock Detention Centre, in Muharraq. On March 17, 2008, the defence requested that a medical expertise be carried out. The Court then appointed a Commission of doctors from the Ministry of Health in order to examine the detainees and submit its report at the next hearing.

At the hearing of April 16, 2008, the report of the Medical Commission was presented to the Court, concluding that it was not possible to prove that they had been acts of torture committed against them, probably because of the time duration between their arrest and the medical examination, but underlining however that some of the detainees were presenting signs of former injuries that could result from acts of violence. A representative of the Prosecutor Office then stated that this language was too vague and then requested that doctors be interrogated by the Court during the next hearing, to which lawyers of the defence agreed, asking to have access to the report. The next hearing was set to May 11, 2008. At the end of the hearing, the families were able to discuss with the detainees during ten minutes.

The Observatory urges the Bahraini authorities to guarantee in all circumstances the physical and psychological integrity of the above human rights defenders and calls upon the Bahraini authorities to order a thorough and impartial investigation into the above-mentioned allegations of torture and ill-treatments, in order to identify all those responsible, bring them before a civil competent and impartial tribunal and apply to them the penal sanctions provided by the law.

The Observatory further urges the Bahraini authorities to release them immediately in the absence of valid legal charges, or, if such charges exist, bring them before an impartial, independent, competent and fair tribunal and guarantee their procedural rights at all times.

Furthermore, the Observatory calls upon the Bahraini authorities to put an end to any act of harassment against all human rights defenders in the country, as well as to conform with Article 1 of the United Nations Declaration on Human Rights Defenders, which states that “everyone has the right, individually and in association with others, to promote and to strive for the protection and realisation of human rights and fundamental freedoms at the national and international levels”, as well as Article 12.2, which states that “the State shall take all necessary measures to ensure the protection by the competent authorities of everyone, individually or in association with others, against any violence, threats, retaliation, de facto or de jure adverse discrimination, pressure or any other arbitrary action as a consequence of his or her legitimate exercise of the rights referred to in the present Declaration”.

For further information, please contact:

OMCT : Delphine Reculeau, + 00 41 22 809 49 39

FIDH : Gael Grilhot, + 00 33 1 43 55 25 18

21 Apr, 2008

Bahrain Center for Human Rights : Court - Appointed Medical Examiners Confirm Torture

Bahrain: Court-Appointed Medical Examiners Confirm Torture Bahrain Center for Human Rights

Updating information on the unfair trials of a group of 15 activists, including 11 human rights defenders .

SEVERAL Bahrainis arrested last December were beaten in custody, according to court-appointed medical examiners. The doctors' report, submitted as 15 Bahrainis appeared in the High Criminal Court amid tight security on April 16th, was immediately disputed by the Public Prosecution. Riot police ringed the court building as the case resumed, after an earlier hearing was adjourned for three doctors to examine all 15 defendants, following complaints by some that they had been beaten in custody. International Federation of Human Rights delegate George Asaf, based in Lebanon, attended the hearing in a court packed with relatives and supporters of the defendants. A panel of three doctors was set up by Health Minister Dr Faisal Al Hamer to examine all 15 defendants, under an order from the court. The doctors said in their report that some of the defendants were subjected to beatings and harsh treatment while they were in police custody. Public Prosecution head Haroon Al Zayani objected to the report and demanded that the doctors be summoned for cross-examination. The defence lawyers demanded time to study the case file and prepare their defence arguments. They also demanded to study the medical report and that more witnesses be summoned for cross-examination. The High Criminal Court presided over by Judge Shaikh Mohammed bin Ali Al Khalifa adjourned the case until May 11 to give time to the lawyers to prepare their defence arguments, to summon the doctors and other witnesses for cross examination. The defence lawyers demanded once again that the 15 defendants to be released on any guarantee the court deemed suitable, but this was refused and they were further remanded in custody.

For more details on the case please refer to previous reports issued by National and International human rights organizations such as BCHR, www.bahrainrights.org, Human Rights Watch ,Front Line and The Observatory.

Human Rights watch : Investigate Alleged Torture of Activists http://hrw.org/english/docs/2008/01/21/bahrai17838.htm

Front line: Torture and ill-treatment of human rights defenders in detention http://www.frontlinedefenders.org/node/1327

The Observatory: Ongoing arbitrary detention and ill-treatments of several human rights defenders http://www.fidh.org/spip.php?article5206

18 Apr, 2008

BCHR: Amounting Unrest and Violations in Bahrain

A Second Crackdown on Activists in Four Months: Detainees, Including Minors, are under serious risk of Torture and Unfair Trials 17 April 2008

Amounting Unrest and Violations in Bahrain

A Second Crackdown on Activists in Four Months: Detainees, Including Minors, are under serious risk of Torture and Unfair Trials

17 April 2008

The BCHR has received information about 47 people arrested during the last four weeks in different Shia’ villages. Most of the arrestees are from west cost villages of Karzakkan, Demistan, Sadad and Malekkya who were known in the area for their community activities including; organizing mass seminars on political and economic rights, organizing a “protest picnic” to “Um-el-Na’san” an island claimed by the King, and collecting signatures on a petition calling for the resignation of the 37-years in post Prime Minister. Many of them have been release later alleging being exposed to torture and ill-treatment. However, the following 26 arrestees are confirmed to be still in jail:

Detainees, arrested between 27th March and 8th April, 2008: 1. Sayyed Hadi Hameed Adnan Alawi , 28, Karzakkan 2. Mohammed Abbas Mohammed Ali, 29, Karzakkan 3. Ammar Hassan Ali Hassan Al-Basri, 17, Karzakkan 4. Saleh Ali Mohammed Ali Alseeb, 30, Karzakkan 5. Hassan Kadhem Ebrahim Ahmed, 30, Demestan 6. Ha’med Ebrahim Fardan, 27, Karzakkan 7. Ali Mohammed Habib Ashoor, 31, Karzakkan 8. Ahmed Ali Hassan, 35, Karzakkan

Detainees, arrested between 10th -15th April, 2008: 1. Mohammed Makki Mansoor, 27, Karzakkan 2. Fadhel Abbass Mohammed Ashoor, 25, Karzakkan 3. Kumail Ahmed Ali Abu-Sharaf, Karzakkan 4. Jassim Mohammed Habeeb, 29, Karzakkan 5. Fadhel Abbass Ali Ahmed, 28, Karzakkan 6. Hussain Abbass Ali Ahmed, 24, Karzakkan 7. Sayyed-Sadiq Ebraheem Jumma’ Ma’jed, 26 8. Sayyed-Ahmed Hameed Adnan Alawi, 23, Karzakkan 9. Sayyed-Jawad Hameed Adnan Alawi, 30, Karzakkan 10. Sayyed-Omran Hameed Adnan Alawi, 24, Karzakkan 11. Sadeq Jawad Al-Fardan, 27, Karzakkan 12. Qasim Mohammed Khaleel Ebraheem, 22, Karzakkan 13. Hussain Abdul-Kareem Makki Eyd, 24, Karzakkan 14. Habeeb Mohammed Habeeb Ashoor, 20, Karzakkan 15. Habeeb Ahmed Habeeb Mohammed Abbass, 22, 16. Hussain Ali Dhaif, 28, Karzakkan 17. Hussain Mohammed Khatam Hussain Mohammed, 28, Karzakkan 18. Ebraheem Saleh Ebraheem Jaffer, 22,

Moreover, the BCHR has received information yesterday that Shaker Mohammed Abdulhussain Abdul-A’al, 26, from Hamala, was summoned on 15th April to Hamad-Town police station were he was transferred to an unknown place. Worth noting that Shaker was briefly arrested on the 2nd of February, 2007 for delivering a speech criticizing the government and arrested again in 21st December, along with other members of the Unemployed Committee, in relation to protests, but released one month later and has testified to the BCHR of being subjected to severe torture including being blind folded and handcuffed for several days, hanged by the arms for two days and exposed to electric shocks.

The Bahrain Centre for Human Rights is highly concerned for the safety and well being of the arrestees specially in the first period of detention were they are usually kept in solitary confinement that facilitate torture, as reported in other recent similar cases. The BCHR is also concerned that the detainees will not enjoy the rights of a fair trial, taking in account the partiality of the judiciary and the restrictive security related articles in the 1976 penal Code.

Official justification of the arrests:

The authorities staged the arrest campaign using the state-controlled media to link the wide wave of arrests in the last four weeks to two violent events; the burning on March 6th of a farm belong to a former high official, Abdul-Aziz Attyotalla Al-Khalifa, who is accused of torture in the past period, and the death on April 9th of a Pakistani member of the Special Security Force when his car and other security cars were allegedly surrounded by protesters from nearby villages. The official statement stated that policeman Majid Asghar Baksh was burned to death and two colleagues injured when masked men hurled Molotov cocktails at their patrol car in Karzakan . While Mr Baksh's grandfather and uncle claimed that the Majid, who is a member of the Special Security Force, had been attacked with sharp tools and severely beaten after being pulled out of the vehicle and that he sustained serious injuries to his head, face and left shoulder and bled from the ears, mouth and nose . A passing-by eye witness told the BCHR that when the police force was surrounded by protesters one of the police vehicles hit the security officer who was running out of his car. Background Information:

The situation in Bahrain has deteriorated since December 17, when an activist was allegedly killed by the Special Security Force while participating in a demonstration calling for equity in relation to victims of torture and state violations in the past. Mass protests erupted in the following days resulting in the burning of a police vehicle. The police surrounded villages, specially those inhabited by a majority of Shia’s in the North of the Bahrain Island and resorted an excessive use of tear gas and rubber bullets, leading to the injury and suffocation of many citizens including elderly citizens and children. Video films broadcasted by national and international electronic media documented the use of security armed militia wearing civilian clothes and black head masks to disperse demonstrations forming check points and entering the villages to chase suspect protesters and beating them severely.

In the aftermath, the security police conducted a crackdown arresting around 60 people out of which 18 are currently under trial including 11 human rights defenders under accusations of violence and unauthorized gatherings. Documented testimonies of released persons and of the defendants at court revealed that they were subjected to sever torture including electrical shocks and sexual abuse to force confession related to committing violence. Case files handed to defense lawyers showed that the investigations included demanding information on members and work of human rights groups, such as the Unemployment Committee and confessions to link recent disturbances to political activists and a well-known human rights defender.

The BCHR calls upon all concerned to urge the Bahrain authorities: • To release all detainees. • If criminal charges are well-founded against any person he should be treated as innocent until founded guilty by a fair trial according to international standards • To insure rights of detainees including prompt access to relatives, lawyer and impartial medical care. • To put an end to arbitrary detention, torture and unfair trials specially as a tool to suppress the practice of basic rights and peaceful activism • To reform the judiciary, the General prosecution and the criminal laws in order to maintain fair trial • to disband the Special Security Force which is known due to its brutality and which is established on sectarian division and composed overwhelmingly by non-Bahrainis or newly recruited and naturalized mercenaries • To impartially investigate the killing of the activist Ali Jassim which sparked the recent wave of unrest • To react positively to initiatives calling for equity and redress for victims of torture and other violations which is a source of continued rage and anger • To engage in dialogue and take serious measures to decrease tension which have resulted from sectarian discrimination and denial of basic freedoms as well as economic and social rights deprivations and problems which feeds disturbances and distracts human development

------------------------------------------------------------ Akhbar Al-Khaleej, April 13, 2008 Gulf Daily News and Akhbar Al-Khaleej, April 12, 2008