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New Minors’ Bill, “Political Coverup” of Child Arrests and Deaths in Bahrain

The Bahraini Minister of Justice, Islamic Affairs and Endowments Khalid bin Ali Al Khalifa commenced talks on the new bill for minors entitled, "Reformative Justice for Children and Protection from Maltreatment". This comes as Bahrain witnesses the highest number of child arrests and torture cases in light of the ongoing political crisis since 2011.

Read the full article here.

Dry Dock Prison Prevents Al-Halwachi’s Family from Visiting him, Says “He is Banned from Visits”

The security authorities in Dry Dock Prison prevented the family of activist Khalil Al-Halwachi from meeting him in an already scheduled visit.

His daughter Fatima Al-Halwachi said that the authorities prevented them from visiting her father on Tuesday (October 25, 2016)

Read the full article here

BCHR Internship Positions Available - January-March 2017

The Bahrain Center for Human Rights (BCHR) currently seeks creative, passionate and hard-working applicants for internship positions on Advocacy, Communication and Research.

BCHR is looking for applicants interested in working full-time or part-time, for a period of 3-6 months. Office hours will be held from 09:00am to 5:00pm, Monday through Friday. This is an unpaid position.

Main duties

Interns will:

  • Assist with advocacy campaigns by conducting research and preparing background memos and other written materials;
  • Communication with our international partner organizations, representatives of foreign governments, and the UN;
  • Assist in managing a contacts database and improving our communications with our targeted audience of policy makers;
  • Support lengthy analytical reports on human rights abuses in Bahrain in cooperation with our documentation team, through research and writing;
  • Track Bahrain news, legislation, and statements by global policymakers, the European Parliament, and United Nations officials on a daily basis;
  • Assist in social media campaigns and the drafting of external communications;
  • Write and publish content on our website and on social media platforms;
  • Prepare updates for the website and other media-related materials;
  • Assist with administrative duties as required.

Requirements

The ideal candidate should:

  • Be a graduate/undergraduate student - a relevant degree in human rights law is a plus
  • Have an interest in and being knowledgeable of human rights issues, particularly with respect to freedom of speech, expression, and association, due process rights and prisoners’ rights;
  • Have excellent verbal and written communication skills in English;
  • Good ability to attracts and build new contacts with the media and other partners;
  • Be able to work independently, take initiative, and exercise sound judgment;
  • Maintain strict confidentiality and
  • Be committed to BCHR’s mission.

Additional skills

Highly desirable additional skills:

  • Arabic and French/German language skills;
  • Knowledgeable and innovative about using social media in a professional capacity (Twitter, Facebook, Instagram, etc.);
  • Photoshop, video editing and/or other graphic design experience;
  • Familiarity with the Adobe suite, HTML formatting and HTML design;
  • Demonstrated research experience (especially related to the Middle East, human rights, democratization, governance, and political rights) and
  • Innovative and passionate about building and executing grassroots outreach/advocacy campaigns, as well as using novel technology tools for advocacy.

 

To apply, send a CV and cover letter to:  elena.mocanu@bahrainrights.org

  

Bahrain: Assault on freedom of expression continues as activists face jail for tweets

Bahraini authorities must immediately and unconditionally release human rights activist Nabeel Rajab and opposition leader Fadhel Abbas, two prisoners of conscience who are facing long prison sentences for using Twitter to voice concerns about human rights abuses in the conflict in Yemen, Amnesty International said today.

Both men have criticized the killing of civilians in Yemen by the Saudi Arabia-led coalition, which includes Bahrain. They have already been wrongfully detained for months and are expecting their respective court’s verdicts in the next week.

 

Read the full article here

October 31 To Test Bahrain’s Reforms

Monday October 31 will be a vital test for Bahrain. Two scheduled court verdicts will give a major indication on whether the regime is taking any notice of international pressure to finally ease off its months-long repressive outburst, a clear signal on where the country’s much-vaunted reform project is really headed.

Opposition figure Khalil Al Halwachi and human rights defender Nabeel Rajab are both due to hear the outcome of their separate sham trials. Al Halwachi, a founder of the opposition Amal group, was arrested in September 2014 and has been tried with 16 others. Like many in custody in Bahrain, he says he has been tortured into making a false confession.

 

Read the full article here

Bahraini Journalist Among Reporters Without Borders’ 2016 Press Freedom Prize Nominees

Reporters Without Borders (RSF) released today (Monday 24, 2016) the names of the 22 nominees for the 2016 Reporters Without Borders-TV5 Monde Prize for Press Freedom, among them a Bahraini journalist facing a possible life sentence in prison, and a citizenship revocation. 

In the "Citizen Journalists Set Up" profile, RSF said that the detainee Ali al-Mearaj (one of the managers of opposition Lulu-Awal website), might face a life imprisonment sentence and citizenship revocation, based on the charges by security forces.

 

Read the full article here

Faisal Hayyat’s Family Says He was Transferred to Prison’s Clinic 3 Times since his Arrest

Family of journalist Faisal Hayyat said that he was transferred to the Dry Dock Prison's clinic 3 time since he was arrested two weeks ago, due chest pains and high temperature.

The family added that Hayyat was held in a crowded room that includes 12 persons arrested over different criminal cases, adding that the detainees spend 23 hour in the rooms and are only allowed to go to the prison's yard for one hour.

Hayyat's family demanded his release with the continuation of his trial for being a "media person and not a tweeter," expressing its surprise that none of the organizations and institutions interested in media people and press in Bahrain interfered.

 

Read the full article here

Is Bahrain the New Breeding Ground for Political Extremism?

How the government’s unprecedented crackdown on civil society and human rights might radicalize some of its citizens

By Said Yousef Al-Muhafdah, Vice-President of the Bahrain Center for Human Rights (BCHR)

In January 2015, the Huffington Post featured an article of two risk analysts, who claimed that “the influence of Daesh sympathizers within the Bahraini government’s political structure has grown as a result of Manama’s authoritarian and anti-Shi’ite policies of the post-Arab Awakening era.” The authors refer to the case of Turki Al-Binali, a Bahraini national and leading IS ideologue, who was allowed to hold a demonstration outside the US embassy in the Bahraini capital Manama, “during which pictures of Osama Bin Laden, as well as al-Qaeda flags, were held up by protesters.”

See the Danish version of the article on Ræson's platform and the English version published by BCHR here.

Is Bahrain the New Breeding Ground for Political Extremism?

The Danish political magazine Ræson published the article below (English) by BCHR's Vice-President Said Yousif Al-Muhafdha on 19 October. Ræson is a completely independent non-profit magazine about politics in Denmark and in the world.

See full article in Danish here.

 

Is Bahrain the new breeding ground for political extremism?

How the government’s unprecedented crackdown on civil society and human rights might radicalize some of its citizens

By Said Yousef Al-Muhafdah, Vice-President of the Bahrain Center for Human Rights (BCHR)

On 10 September, the newspaper Information headlined that restrictions for immigrants can contribute to radicalization. Reporting on new immigration-related restrictions that are part of the government’s “2025 plan”, it was highlighted that these policies might have a radicalizing effect, particularly among the Muslim community in Denmark.

Following the so-called “hometown terrorism” incidents of Brussels, Paris, Nice and Copenhagen – in which mainly native-born but seemingly disadvantaged and marginalized citizens like Omar el-Hussein, a Dane of Palestinian origin, were the main perpetrators – Danish politicians have voiced concerns about legal restrictions that might foster the radicalization of those who already feel excluded from Danish society. Draconian policies, they warned, might only exacerbate feelings of distrust towards Denmark.

The article leaves the reader with a nagging question, however: If citizens in Denmark - still one of the most liberal, tolerant, open-minded and safest places on earth - acknowledge the risk of radicalization posed by the intensification of restrictions, how much higher is this risk in countries where governments not only restrict people but even subject them to actual harm? More to the point: how much larger is the threat of radicalization when people’s daily lives consist of systematic stigmatization, oppression, persecution and torture?

The small desert island of Bahrain lies off the shore of Saudi Arabia, with which it shares much more connections than just the King Fahd Causeway. Like their Saudi neighbors, Bahrain is ruled by an autocratic dynasty. The Al-Khalifa family is for Bahrain what the Al-Saud’s are for Saudi Arabia: an unquestionable, unchallenged and self-righteous powerhouse that is deeply interwoven with the state structures. They simply can’t imagine their countries being ruled by anyone else.

The Al-Khalifas have ruled Bahrain since 1783 as “Hakims” and “Emirs” before the current monarch, Hamad, who assumed his father Isa’s throne in 1999, declared himself “King” in 2002. Hamad reigns with almost absolute power, while his uncle Khalifa acts as Prime Minister. The latter took office in 1970, when Bahrain was still administered by the British, and he is by now the world’s longest-serving current prime minister.

In February 2011, when the Al-Khalifa dynasty faced its own Arab Spring and looming demise, King Hamad could rely on his Saudi friends and their troops, who rolled in and suppressed the pro-democracy movement with brutal efficacy. Nevertheless, the calls for change have never ceased among the 1.3 million people of Bahrain. For years, demonstrations have taken place on a weekly basis, while the government often responds with an iron fist. In sum: the movement smolders under the surface.

This summer, the Al-Khalifas struck out with a sweeping campaign to silence all dissent and make clear who remains in the driver’s seat of the country. In June, the largest political opposition party Al-Wefaq was dissolved within a few days, their assets liquidated and various members arrested. At the same time, a delegation of Bahraini human rights defenders was prevented from travelling to Geneva to the United Nations Human Rights Council session, and Bahrain’s most prominent activist and the president of BCHR, Nabeel Rajab, was arrested.

The authorities charged Rajab for "spreading false news and rumors about the internal situation in a bid to discredit Bahrain" over Twitter posts from 2015 about well-documented cases of torture in a Bahraini prison. Rajab is facing 15 years if convicted, while still awaiting his repeatedly postponed trial. Early this month, after a letter under his name was published in the New York Times, another charge was added. This charge was based on his claims that the authorities have attempted to threaten him into silence and that, after a meeting with US Secretary of State John Kerry, he was interrogated by Bahrain’s Anti-Cybercrimes unit.

Of course Rajab is just the most prominent victim of the government’s crackdown.

Many other people share Rajab’s fate and have been convicted for their activism or criticism. Under Bahraini law, criticism and insults against the ruling family or state authorities are punishable with up to seven years in prison or a fine of up to 10,000 Bahraini Dinars (175,000 DKK). The laws are left vague, giving space to the authorities to consider criticism and political dissent as insults, incitement of hatred, or even promotion of terrorism. Freedom of expression is thus extremely limited in Bahrain. Since the beginning of 2016, BCHR has recorded ten sentences based on such charges with total prison terms of 27 years and five months.

The internet has become a major battlefield in the government’s war on free expression. Bahrain may have the highest Internet and mobile phone usage in the Gulf region, but Bahrainis feel the least safe expressing their opinion on political issues in the region. Media and telecommunication providers are subjected to excessive restrictions, while tracking software and censorship tools ensure the government can prosecute unwelcome commentators and maintain full control over the flow of information. Online coverage and speed are frequently limited in various parts of the country as acts of reprisal. Hundreds of websites are blocked, many of which have nothing to do with pornography, terrorism or violence, to which the restrictive laws refer. The primary targets consist of sites that present critical views or expose human rights violations. Strikingly, sites affiliated to terrorist groups like Daesh (ISIS) are still accessible in Bahrain - despite it being a counterterrorism partner against Daesh. It is obvious that the government wants to shut down the last window for people’s voices in Bahrain, so the Internet becomes a tool for sharing photos of your dinner, not more. Unsurprisingly, Reporters Without Borders have continuously categorized Bahrain as an “Enemy of the Internet” since 2012.

In addition to cyber space, the government has imposed similar restrictions on physical areas as well. The village of Duraz is currently being besieged and cut off from the rest of the country for more than two months now - the entire town seems to have become an enemy of the state. The approx. 25,000 inhabitants of Duraz are being collectively punished for a peaceful sit-in that started in late June after the government revoked the citizenship of Bahrain’s highest Shia cleric Sheikh Isa Qassim as an act of reprisal, while additionally charging him over accusations of money laundering in relation to one of major Shia religious duties. Thousands of people have since come together outside Sheikh Qassim’s house in Duraz to protest against the decision and keep doing so despite the government’s blockade of the town. Bahraini security forces closed off all roads leading into and out of the town with cement blocks, barbed wire and sandbags. At two checkpoints, people who are not registered residents of Duraz are being prohibited from entering the town area.

As demonstrations are not allowed in Bahrain unless the Ministry of Interior permits them, courts have started to hand down one- to two-year-long prison sentences to Duraz protesters for “illegal gatherings” since late August. Not surprisingly, it is mostly clerics of the Shia community who are prosecuted and convicted over the support for their spiritual leader Sheikh Qassim.

Just as the government disproportionately targets the country’s Shia majority, it simultaneously favors the Sunni minority to which the Al-Khalifa family belongs. However, the crux of the matter is that the Al-Khalifas follow Sunni Islam and typically favor Sunnis when allocating public offices or social benefits. Despite constituting the majority of the population with 60-70%, the Shiites of Bahrain feel discriminated against and extremely underrepresented politically. These feelings were stoked even more by Sheik Qassim’s trial, verdicts against other high Shia clerics, and – last but not least – the dissolution of the largest opposition party Al-Wefaq, a mainly Shiite party.

When we return to the initial question – whether radicalization might grow through intensified restrictions – we, of course, do well to bear this threat in mind. In Denmark it may seem to be a very long shot, but in Bahrain, the chances for home-grown extremism are far more serious.

The civic space in Bahrain is extremely constrained - for anyone, from human rights activists to daily Twitter users, from Shiite cleric to Duraz resident. Almost all parts of the society share certain characteristics, which - according to Antony Blinken from the US Department of State - pave the road towards violence that include feelings of alienation and exclusion (...), experiences with state sanctioned violence, heavy handed tactics by security services, and the systematic denial of opportunity”.

Is there an actual, safe option to voice criticism or to call for reforms in Bahrain? Hardly. The lack of such available platforms for an exchange of views, paired with a constant threat of punishment and persecution, is the breeding ground for radicalization and extremism. To many who have been imprisoned and tortured for peacefully pursuing change, violence may unfortunately appear to be the only outlet through which to address deepening grievances.

Danish authorities define such radicalization as a process, by which a person to an increasing extent accepts the use of undemocratic or violent means, including terrorism, in an attempt to reach a certain political/ideological objective.

Various observers of Bahrain have drawn predictions about possible radicalization trends in response to the government’s repressive policies. During a panel discussion in February 2015, Nabeel Rajab, the detained BCHR president, said that while the Bahraini government is vocally opposed to extremism in the region, it is actually quite tolerant of extremist ideas within its borders, which could lead to increased radicalization within the country.

In fact, the Al-Khalifas keep adding fuel to the fire by actively recruiting Arab and foreign Sunnis for their police and military forces, and more generally as a demographic counterweight against its indigenous Shia majority. Is the old dynasty aware of the side-effects of their intensified anti-Shia and anti-reform policies? Or has the genie already been let out of the bottle and can no longer be controlled?

As early as 2012, Bahrain expert Justin Gengler from Qatar University stressed in a Foreign Policy article that the government of Bahrain has exploited — even cultivated — the fears and suspicions of other citizens, in particular those of its traditional Sunni support base.He outlined that many Sunnis, driven by the anti-Shia sentiments of the ruling family, overstepped the mark and went into full opposition to anyone who would dare suggest political compromise - including allies like the United States or even King Hamad himself.

In January 2015, the Huffington Post featured an article of two risk analysts, who claimed that the influence of Daesh sympathizers within the Bahraini government’s political structure has grown as a result of Manama’s authoritarian and anti-Shi’ite policies of the post-Arab Awakening era. The authors refer to the case of Turki Al-Binali, a Bahraini national and leading IS ideologue, who was allowed to hold a demonstration outside the US embassy in the Bahraini capital Manama, during which pictures of Osama Bin Laden, as well as al-Qaeda flags, were held up by protesters.

It is strange to imagine that a country, which is home to the Fifth Fleet of the US Navy and which deployed two fighter jets to bomb Daesh in Syria, follows a seemingly inconsistent anti-terror policy at home. The pressure therefore lies also on Bahrain’s powerful allies and reliable weapons dealers like Saudi Arabia, the United States and the United Kingdom. While the US and UK have a long history of ignoring human rights abuses in favor of stability for their questionable allies, it is obvious that the Saudis, who themselves deal with serious accusations of human rights violations, are not aiming to talk to the Al-Khalifas about reforms.

The question is this: How much longer can Western allies ignore the looming threat of yet another country that drowns in homemade political and religious extremism, or yet another group à la Al-Qaeda or Daesh that mushrooms out of a constant atmosphere of repression, fear and hopelessness?

Moreover, we should not forget Denmark’s role as a political player in this context: On the one side, there is Danish-Bahraini citizen, Abduhlhadi Al-Khawaja - one of the leading figures during the 2011 pro-democracy movement - who serves a life sentence in a Bahraini prison for his peaceful human rights activism. Two of his daughters, Zainab and Maryam, who are activists and Danish citizens themselves, have also been harassed, arrested and threatened by Bahraini authorities. Ultimately, they chose a life in exile in Copenhagen, facing immediate imprisonment if they ever return to Bahrain.

On the other side, there is Bahrain’s King Hamad, who received the order of the Grand Cross of the Dannebrog (Storkorset af Dannebrog) - one of the highest Danish orders. Queen Margrethe presented King Hamad with the order in February 2011 - only two weeks before he called in the Saudi troops. Ultimately, the Danish government and the international community must choose to support peaceful dissent and legitimate demands of rights or violent suppression and absence of reform before it’s too late.

See full article in Danish here.

Bahraini Scholars Denounce Confiscation of Al-Wefaq’s Belongings: Pushing Country 3 Decades Back

Bahraini scholars denounced the raiding on the Al-Wefaq National Islamic Society's headquarters (the largest opposition association) by the security authorities, and the confiscation of their belongings aiming at selling them in an auction.

The scholars wondered in a statement they issued on (Saturday, October 22, 2016): "Does the government think it will auction the spirits and minds of the majority of the citizens?" considering that what happened pushes the country back "more than three decades, by deleting the people's voice, practically dissolving the parliament, and exchanging the authorities' rules with ones worse than the state security law."

 

Read the full article here